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Flashcards in GI System Deck (47):
0

Anticholinergic

Blocks parasympathetic nervous system

1

Antiflatulant

Decreases excessive gas in stomach or intestines

2

Antispasmodic

Prevents or decreases intestinal spasms

3

Antisecretory

Inhibits secretions of intestinal tract

4

Prokinetic

Stimulates gastrointestinal motility & accelerates gastric & intestinal emptying

5

Absorbent

Adheres the surface of a solid material to the surface of another material

6

Astringent

Causes shrinking action
(topical or local)

7

Laxative

Promotes or facilitates evacuation of bowel contents- alliveiating constipation over a period of several hrs to days

8

Cathartic

Causes a bowl movement within a short period of time - following administration

9

Anthelmintic

Treats intestinal parasites

10

Name ways meds can work on GI tract

Increase or decrease function of the tract by changing muscle tone. They increase or decrease emptying time through stomach or change the speed of peristalsis. They relieve enzyme deficiencies & assist in absorption of vitamins

11

Common side effects for meds for GI disorders

Constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain & cramping, electrolyte imbalance, blurred vision

12

What are oral antifungals used to treat

Condita ( thrush )

13

How do oral antifungals work

Bind to oral mucosa & pass through, but not absorbed by GI tract

14

Do we use oral antifungals to treat children

Yes. Safe for children

15

What are results of treatment with oral antivirals

Are puritive care only

16

Are antivirals used topically, systemically or both

Both

17

What are the uses for the antiviral Acyclovir

Herpes treatment (used for systemic relief for local pain & lesions)

18

What are antacids used to treat

Peptic ulcer disease & GERD

19

What r the properties of antacids by family

Aluminum compounds cause constipation, calcium compounds cause constipation, magnesium compounds cause diarrhea, sodium compounds do not affect gastric motility. Alum, calc, mag do not change ph and sodium does

20

What is the duration of antacids

Short

21

Does food increase or decrease the absorption of antacids

Decreases absorption

22

How often should antacids be taken within a day

Up to 7 times a day

23

What forms of antacid do we follow with milk or water

Chewables - not liquid

24

What do we teach the pt regarding liquid antacid use

Shake before admin & do not drink milk or water

25

What antacids are used in the treatment of alcoholism

Magnesium

26

Y r aluminum & magnesium salts mixed

To prevent constipation or diarrhea

27

Do we routinely take antacids with other meds

No. Should not be takin with most other meds because a certain ph balance needs to be maintained for them to work properly

28

Are antiflatulents added Rx'ed with antacids

Yes. To remove gas

29

How many antibiotics are usually ordered to treat H.pylori

Two

30

What is used to keep bacteria from adhering to the stomach wall

Bismuth salts

31

Are anti secretory drugs given to treat H.pylori

Yes. Generally added

32

How are the meds packaged for the combination of drugs used for treatment

Packaged on blister packs

33

What r the properties of antacids by family

Aluminum compounds cause constipation, calcium compounds cause constipation, magnesium compounds cause diarrhea, sodium compounds do not affect gastric motility. Alum, calc, mag do not change ph and sodium does

34

What is the duration of antacids

Short

35

Does food increase or decrease the absorption of antacids

Decreases absorption

36

How often should antacids be taken within a day

Up to 7 times a day

37

What forms of antacid do we follow with milk or water

Chewables - not liquid

38

What do we teach the pt regarding liquid antacid use

Shake before admin & do not drink milk or water

39

What antacids are used in the treatment of alcoholism

Magnesium

40

Y r aluminum & magnesium salts mixed

To prevent constipation or diarrhea

41

Do we routinely take antacids with other meds

No. Should not be takin with most other meds because a certain ph balance needs to be maintained for them to work properly

42

Are antiflatulents added Rx'ed with antacids

Yes. To remove gas

43

How many antibiotics are usually ordered to treat H.pylori

Two

44

What is used to keep bacteria from adhering to the stomach wall

Bismuth salts

45

Are anti secretory drugs given to treat H.pylori

Yes. Generally added

46

How are the meds packaged for the combination of drugs used for treatment

Packaged on blister packs