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Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (23):
0

Polypharmacy

Multiple medication use common in the elderly

1

Teratogens

Adversely affects the fetus

2

Geriatrics

Anything over 65

3

Biotransformation

Alteration of medications within the body to prepare for excretion from body, semicolon, metabolism

4

What factors are important to know regarding the geriatric patient ad related to unexpected reactions

Slow gastric and intestinal mobility that is very common in elderly pharmacology

5

Is patient compliance important

Yes

6

What may be some factors in patient compliance

Convenient time they can take meds, a form for taking meds, give a reason to take them

7

90% of non-compliance is due to what

Side effects

8

Name important variables that affect drug dosage and drug actions

Age, diet, gender, height, weight, genetics, current disease

9

Which is the most important for dosage? Age or size and function

Size and function

10

What variables interplay in patients responses to medications

Cultural differences, language barriers, how person may feel about taking medication, personal belief, history of previous medication, time meds taken

11

For current dosing of pediatric patient get

Ht and Wt every time

12

Can you rely on a patient to respond the same way each time they take a medication: why/why not

No. Change in diet, tolerance, drinking, amount of alcohol, other meds

13

The FDA considers what category of medications safe for use during pregnancy

Category A

14

What is your opinion on the following question:
Terminally I'll patients can receive as much meds as requested

Yes. Keep them comfortable

15

Can children take Tetracyline

No. Not safe for children. Stains their teeth

16

Young children are more vulnerable to meds due to

Small sizes and immature organs
(not fully developed
Organs)

17

Positive attitude more likely to cause

A positive response to medications

18

Category A

Remote risk of fetal harm
(least harmful)

19

Category B

Slightly more risk

20

Category C

Greater risk

21

Category D

Proven risk of fetal harm, but indication for use may be present

22

Category X

Proven fetal risk, no indication for use.
(greatest risk)