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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (27):
0

Dried powder form of medication that has been compressed into a small disk

Tablet

1

Tablet coated with a film, formulated to pass through the stomach into the small intestine for absorption. Prevents irritation of gastric mucosa

Enteric-coated tablets

2

Hard disk of medication designed to dissolve in the mouth for local effect
-similar to lozenge-usually flavored

Troches

3

Medication combined with an antacid to reduce irritation to stomach when ingested

Buffered tablets

4

Tablet designed to dissolve under the tongue
( rapid absorption )

Sublingual tablets

5

Tablet with a sugar or flavored base designed to be chewed

Chewable tablets

6

Tablet placed in the mouth between cheek and gum for absorption

Buccal tablets

7

Long, oblong tablet with a smooth film-coated covering for ease of swallowing

Caplets

8

Soft gelatin shell filled with liquid medication

Gelcaps

9

Small gelatin container filled with medication in powder or granule form

Capsules

10

Capsule prepared to release drug at a particular site or to provide a steady release of medication over a period of time

Delayed action capsule

11

Medications prepared to deliver medication over time

Time released capsules
&
Sustained release capsules

12

Clear, sweetened, flavored medication containing alcohol and water

Elixir

13

Alcohol based liquid used as a skin disinfectant
(highly concentrated)

Tincture

14

Medication in the form of undissolved particles dispersed in a liquid vehicle

Suspension

15

Water and oil mixture containing medication in pharmacology
(must be mixed)

Emulsion

16

Coarsely ground medicinal agent that had been mixed with an effervescent salt to release (produce) carbon dioxide when a liquid is added

Effervescent

17

Medication that combines oil, soap, water or alcohol and is placed on the skin to produce heat
(topical)

Liniment

18

Free flowing liquid or formation with ingredients suspended in water, for application to skin

Lotion

19

Semisolid preparation in a base that is absorbed into the tissue for slow sustained release

Cream

20

Semisolid in water base with thickening agent for absorption through skin

Gels / jellys

21

Semisolid in greasy base that is not absorbed into the skin, but medication is absorbed from greasy base

Ointment

22

Factors related to drug absorption important with patient teaching

Ph environment (maintaining proper acidity in stomach)
Whether food is present in stomach or not
Formula and milk products in infants and small children

23

Important factors regarding percutaneous absorption

Moisture level of skin, depths of respiration, blood supply to area

24

Important references a medical assistant can utilize in regards to medication info

USP/NF
USP/DI
Package inserts
PDR
Reliable web sites

25

Can sublingual, buccal, or textured tablets be chewed?

No. Don't chew.

26

Can every med be crushed

No