Chapter 2 Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Review Deck (40):
0

Drug usage

Application/administration of a drug given for a purpose

1

Drug indications

Reason to use a particular drug for a particular problem

2

Desired effect

The expected response to a medication

3

Allergic reaction

A type of hypersensitivity to drugs

4

Side effect

Mild annoying response to medication

5

Adverse reaction

Unintended, undesirable, unpredictable effects causing unwanted symptoms

6

Therapeutics

Meds used in treatment of a condition
Relives symptoms, maintains homeostasis, reverses disease process

7

Pharmacodynamics

•actions of drugs on the body
•alters natural body function

8

Diagnostic drugs

Used to aid diagnosing diseases

9

Prophylactic

Prevents disease & illness

10

Replacement

Replaces missing chemicals in patient

11

Agonist

Drug that mimics body function

( stimulates receptor site )

12

Antagonist

Drug that binds to a receptor & doesn't activate the site

13

Chelator

Agent used in treating metal poisoning

14

Local action

Action at site of administration

15

Systemic action

Action found at more than site of administration

16

Synergism

One drug potentiates (strengthens) another

17

Potentiation

One drug prolongs or multiplies effects of another

18

Summation

2 drugs given together, each with desired effects

19

Cumulative effect / accumulation

Tendency of drugs to stay in body longer and if not excreted before new doses r given - effects of doses accumulate in body

20

Drug idiosyncrasies

Unexpected / unusual response to a drug

21

Tolerance

Long term use of a drug leads to decreased desired effects of medication

22

Pharmacognosy

Branch of pharmacology dealing with origins of drugs

23

Autagonism

2 or more drugs that cancel or decrease effects of each other

24

Pharmacokinetics

How drugs are PROCESSED by body

25

Pharmacotherapeutics

EFFECTS of drugs on the body

26

Half-life

Half drug is metabolized by body 4 excretion

27

Distribution rate

Rate of time it takes medication to go throughout body

28

Blood level

Amount of drug circulating through bloodstream

29

Toxicology

Study of poisonous effects of drugs on body

30

Toxicity

Degree to which something is poisonous

31

Drug interactions that must be considered for patient safety and teaching

Drug to drug
Drug to food
Drug to alcohol
Drug to vitamins
Drug to disease
Drug to supplements

32

How would patient take oral med

Through the mouth

33

How would patient take enteral med

Through butt ( g.i. Tract )

34

How would patient take percutaneous med

Skin or mucous membrane

35

Oral med fastest to slowest absorption rate

1.) syrups, elixirs & other liquids
2.) capsules
3.) tablets
4.) enteric-coated tablets

36

Enteral med fastest to slowest absorption rate

1.) rectal
2.) nasogastric
3.) oral

37

Percutaneous med fastest to slowest absorption rate

1.) inhalation
2.) sublingual
3.) transdermal
4.) topical

38

No pharmacologic effect

Placebo

39

True or false
Precutaneous meds are injected:

False