Medications For Disorders Of The Eye And Ear Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medications For Disorders Of The Eye And Ear Deck (68):
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Myopia

Nearsightedness

1

Miosis

Constriction of pupil

2

Mydriasis

Dilation of pupil

3

Drugs may be used to obtain mydriasis and miosis with

Ocular exams and treatment of eye disease

4

Nystagmus

Constant involuntary movement of the eye in any direction

5

Presbyopia

Inability of lens to accommodate to near objects because of the rigidity of the lens caused by aging

6

Cholinergic

Agent that acts to transmit nerve stimulations in the parasympathetic nervous system - causes constriction of pupil

7

Anti-cholinergic

Agent that blocks parasympathetic nerve impulse - causes dilation

8

Otic solution

Otic preparation

Medication used in ear

9

Ophthalmic preparation

Meds used in eye - may cause systemic effects

10

Cytoplegic

Paralysis of ciliary muscle

11

Localized, purulent, inflammatory bacterial infection of sebaceous glands of the eyelid
Also called- sty

Hordeolum

12

Acute inflammation of the conjunctiva from bacterial or viral infection
Also called - pinkeye

Conjunctivitis

13

Inflammation of the eyelids from bacterial infection or allergies

Blepharitis

14

Hard eyelid cyst resulting from chronic inflammation of a meibomian gland

Chalazion

15

Inflammation of the cornea

Keratitis

16

Abnormal intolerance to light

Photophobia

17

Opacity on or in the lens or capsule of the eye-
Loss of transparency

Cataract

18

Change in shape of the lens of the eye to adjust to viewing objects of different distances

Accommodation

19

Disease of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure

Glaucoma

20

Inflammation of iris, choroids and ciliary body

Uveitis

21

Ataxia

Difficulty with balance

22

Tinnitus

Ringing in the ear

23

Auralgia

Ear pain.

Also called otalgia or otodynia

24

Parasthesia

Tingling or numbness

25

Sense that the environment or oneself is revolving

Vertigo

26

Common symptoms of eye disorders

Visual disturbances, eye redness, pain or burning in or around the eye

27

List common symptoms of ear disorders

Vertigo, loss of hearing, tinnitus, ear pain (otalgia)

28

What may the patient using ophthalmic medications experience

Blurred vision, photophobia, headache, changes in intraocular pressure

29

What may the patient using otic medications experience

Tinnitus, itching of ear canal, dizziness

30

Are there side effects to most eye and ear meds?

Yes

31

Can any topical medication be used in the ear or in the eye?

No

32

Are ophthalmic anti-inflammatory and anti-infection agents effective on mucus membranes and do they penetrate the eye?

Are effective on mucus membranes

Do not readily penetrate the eye

33

How do we discourage drug resistant strains of antibiotics

Administer antibiotic locally so that it's not inside body- but on body

34

What do we do for treatment of viral infection

Treat both eyes

35

How do we irrigate eyes to prevent cross-contamination

Head should be turned toward infected side

36

Do we need to culture eye secretions? When?

Yes, before we treat

37

Agents used for glaucoma: do we use topical agents, systemic or both?

Both

38

What actions do beta-blockers have?

Decrease production of aquas humar lowering intraocular pressure

39

What is the function of miotics (cholinergic)

Allow outflow of aquas humar

40

What are the side effects of miotics

Many - blurred vision, myopia, irritation, headaches

41

What is the function of sympathomimetics

Mimics sympathetic nervous system

Dilates pupil

42

What is the function of osmotic diuretics

Used to reduce intraocular pressure

43

Are mydriatics safe for most compromised cardiovascular patients? why/why not?

Not safe

Increase heart rate

44

What are the side effects of topical corticosteroids

Burning, tearing, blurred vision, headache, eye pain

45

Artificial tears

Lubricate eyes, moisten contact lenses, remove debris

46

Cromolyn sodium

Used for: allergic reactions of the eye - by self can cause burning and stinging

47

Fluorescein sodium

A non-toxic, water soluble dye used to stain corneal lesions

48

most common preparation forms of otic anti-infective agents

Instillation and irrigations

49

Most common use of otic anti-infective agents

Reduce swelling, promote drainage of infections & relieve pruritis

50

Most common side effects of anti-infective agents

Irritation, swelling, uticaria

51

Are the following drug classes used as otic anti-infectives; drying agents, antibiotics, corticosteroids, and combo products

Drying agents, antibiotics, & corticosteroids not combo products

52

What are cerumenolytics used for

Softening earwax

53

Is it common for ear medications to contain more than one ingredient

Yes to treat more than one symptom

54

What are some ear analgesics

Do they need to be warmed

Glycerin, warmed mineral oil, sweet oil, benzocaine medications

Need to be warmed pre-use

55

What are the symptoms of ototoxicity

Severe headache, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, ataxia, difficulty with equilibrium

56

What is tonometry

Measurement of intraocular pressure; used to diagnose glaucoma

57

Are local anesthetic agents used with tonometry

Yes

58

What do we warn patient about with tonometry

Loss of blink reflex & increase possibility of injury

59

Do allied health professionals treat a draining ear without MD input?

No

60

How do you store eye and ear medications for safe dispensing and administration

Store separately, use different shelves for internal vs external meds & do not store similar names next to each other

61

Do drugs for vertigo have side effects

Yes. Drowsiness

62

What do we warn the patient about operating equipment with vertigo drugs

Be careful
Don't do until know how it affects you

63

Is it possible for systemic medications to have ocular effects

Yes. Blurred vision miosis & altered colored vision

64

Corticosteroids may have what ocular effect

Cataracts & intraocular pressure

65

Ibuprofen may have what ocular effect

Blurred vision, altered color vision

66

OTC ophthalmic meds are always safe for use because they have been FDA approved

False

67

What patient teaching should be involved with the use of anti-cholinergic medications

Wear sunglasses to protect eyes,
Dark environments are preferred