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Flashcards in Early 19th Century legends Deck (85):

Who wrote the autobiographical account of laudanum addiction called "Confessions of an English Opium-Eater"

Thomas De Quincey


How and when did Percy Shelley die

On 8 July 1822, when returning from visiting his friends Lord Byron and James Leigh Hunt his boat overturned and he was drowned

He was cremated and his ashes are placed in the Protestant Cemetary in Rome


Who wrote the unfinished novel Sanditon

Jane Austen


Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (1771-1832), born in Edinburgh

popular throughout much of the world during his lifetime


Although a poet laureate for 30 years between 1813-1843 and good poet and historian, what is the biggest literary contribution of Robert Southey

He wrote "The Story of the Three Bears", the original Goldilocks story, which was published in his prose collection The Doctor (1837)


Half-length portrait of a woman wearing a black dress sitting on a red sofa. Her dress is off the shoulder, exposing her shoulders. The brush strokes are broad.who is this

Mary Shelley (née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851)

Born in Somers Town, London

daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft (who died of puerperal fever ten days after Mary was born)


What is the Ozymandias quote and who wrote it

`My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings:
Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!' (1818)

Percy Bysshe Shelley


Who wrote Last of the Mohicans

James Fenimore Cooper (1826)


What was the name of Wordsworth's famous sister (to whom he was close all his life)



Who wrote the prophetic books, and what were they

 English poet and artist William Blake

They are a series of lengthy, interrelated poetic works drawing upon Blake's own personal mythology

His myths often described the struggle between enlightenment and free love on the one hand, and restrictive education and morals on the other.


William Blake by Thomas Phillips.jpgwho is this

William Blake (1757-1827)

A romantic poet and painter, largely unrecognised in his lifetime


Byron 1824.jpgwho is this

George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (Lord Byron) (1788-1824)

Died in Missolonghi Greece aged 36 from a fever, but regarded their as a national hero


What are the two most famous works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Kubla Khan


Who is the main character in Jane Austen's Mansfield Park

Fanny Price


The second eldest of nine children who is sent to live with her mother's sisters at Mansfield Park at age 10. Fanny is sensitive, shy, intelligent, virtuous, with a good sense of morals; and her status at Mansfield Park as a dependent poor relation only intensifies these traits. Much of the novel takes place when she is eighteen and nineteen. She has been in love with her cousin Edmund since she was young and when both realize their feelings, they get married. Fanny is pursued by Mr. Henry Crawford.


What poem is also known as "Daffodils" and what collection does it feature in

William Wordsworth's Poems, in Two Volumes (1807)

It is more famously known as 'I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud'

It was inspired by an event in 1802 when William and his sister Dorothy came across a long belt of daffodils during a walk in the Lake District around Ullswater



John Keats (1795-1821)

Born in Moorgate, died in Rome, Italy of tuberculosis


What are the big six books by Walter Scott


Rob Roy

The Lady of the Lake

Waverley (his first novel, published anonymously)

The Heart of Midlothian

The Bride of Lammermoor



What is the connection between computer's and Byron

Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (10 December 1815 – 27 November 1852), born Augusta Ada Byron and now commonly known as Ada Lovelace

She is often considered the world's first computer programmer.[1][2][3]

She was born 10 December 1815 as the only legitimate child to the poet Lord Byron and his wife Anne Isabella Byron


Which writer was left lame by childhood polio

Walter Scott


Who wrote The Necessity of Atheism (1811)

Percy Bysshe Shelley



From what poem were the words for the hymn Jerusalem (music by Sir Hubert Parry in 1916) based

'And did those feet in ancient time'

it is a short poem by William Blake from a preface to his epic 'Milton a Poem'


What Shelley poem was inspired by the death of friend John Keats



In who's mythology do you find the figues

    The maternal Enion is an emanation from Tharmas.
    The celestial Ahania is an emanation from Urizen.
    The seductive Vala is an emanation from Luvah.
    The musical Enitharmon is an emanation from Los.

William Blake


Irving-Washington-LOC.jpgwho is this

Washington Irving (1783-1859)


What was Byron's magnum opus

Don Juan, considered once of the most important long poems in English since Milton's Paradise Lost.  A satirical epic, Byron would say


What book did Goethe write in 1808

Faust (part one)


When was known as the Golden Age of Russian Poetry and who was its leading figure, when did he live and where was he born


Alexandr Pushkin (1799-1837), born in Moscow to a noble family, albeit one not related to the Czars

Russian's revere him like Shakespeare


Who are the two leading female characters in Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility

and who are the plot device key men

Eilnor and Marianne Dashwood


Edward Ferrars (the one who likes Elinor)

John Willoughby - the good looking bad boy

Colonel Brandon (steady type who falls in love with Marianne)


Which Pushkin novel is a romanticized account of Pugachev's Rebellion in 1773-1774.

The Captain's Daughter


Who kept a fox, four monkeys, a parrot, five cats, an eagle, a crow, a crocodile, a falcon, five peacocks, two guinea hens, an Egyptian crane, a badger, three geese, a heron and a goat with a broken leg


The same character also had a tame pet bear at university

Lord Byron


Who wrote the Gothic Novel Zastrozzi: A Romance

Percey Shelley

It was his first published prose work written whilst he was at Eton

The lead character is the outlaw Zastrozzi, a bad guy


Whose 'The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon' was published in 1819 - and what are some of its famous contents

Washington Irving

Stories included

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow Hollow and Rip Van Winkle



Who is this

Percy Bysshe Shelley, c. 1815

Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)

Expelled from school fo his atheism pamplet, he eloped to Scotland with Harriet Westbrook (she drowned herself in 1816)

He later married Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin


What was Pushkin's first important novel, and considered a masterpiece

Eugine Onegin


Which Pushkin epic fairy tail poem tells the story of the abduction of the daughter of Prince Vladimir of Kiev by an evil wizard and the attempt by the brave knight to find and rescue her.

Ruslan and Ludmila


What was Pushkin's first notable prose work

The Tales of Belkin


Where was Jane Austen born, and where did she die

Born in Steventon Rectory, Hampshire

and died in Winchester, Hampshre,


She is buried in Winchester Cathedral


Where is the Keats House museum, and what was it originally known as when Keats lived there during his most productive years

It used to be known as "Wentworth Place" and its in Hampstead

Supposedly Ode to a Nightingale was written under a plum tree in the garden



Who write Hyperion (1818) and Endymion: A Poetic Romance (1817)

John Keats


With whom are associated the Waverley Novels, and what are they

The Waverley Novels are a long series of books by Sir Walter Scott. For nearly a century they were among the most popular and widely-read novels in all of Europe. Because he did not publicly acknowledge authorship until 1827, they take their name from Waverley (1814), which was the first novel in the series.


Where, and with whom did Mary Shelley spend her summar in 1816

What did the occupants do there

Cologny, Lake Geneva

Shelley (Percy) rented Maison Chapuis, whilst Byron and his physician John William Polidori rented Villa Diodati .

They all spent a lot of time in Villa Diodati (aka Villa Belle Rive)

Shelly began to write Frankenstein (F's home was is called Belrive after the Villa)

Polidori began the thoughts behind The Vampyre



Who were the lake poets

The Lake Poets were a group of English poets who all lived in the Lake District of England at the turn of the nineteenth century. As a group, they followed no single "school" of thought or literary practice then known, They were considered part of the Romantic Movement.

The three main figures were

William Wordsworth,

Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and

Robert Southey.


Who was famous for his club foot

Lord Byron


Where was Percy Shelley born

Near Horsham in Sussex

He was educated at Eton and when to Oxford University


Who wrote Prometheus Unbound (1818-19)

Percy Shelley


Who is the main protagonist in Pride and Prejudice, and what is her male counterpart (full name)

Elizabeth Bennet

Mr Fitzwilliam Darcy


SamuelTaylorColeridge.jpgwho is this

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

Born in Devon

Died in Highgate, London


He was quite a big Opium and Laudenum addict

One of the "lake poets" with Wordsworth and Southey



Where did Jane Austen live when her big four novels were published

Chawton Cottage, now a museum, in Chawton near Alton in Hampshire


What was Jane Austen's first published work

Sense and Sensibility (1811)


What were the six completed Jane Austen novels

    Sense and Sensibility (1811)
    Pride and Prejudice (1813)
    Mansfield Park (1814)
    Emma (1815)
    Northanger Abbey (1818, posthumous)
    Persuasion (1818, posthumous)


Which book inspired by Ivanhoe was the first Italian historical novel, and the most famous and widely read novel in the Italian language

The Betrothed by Alessandro Manzoni


Who has the following end note on his epitaph on his grave

Here lies One Whose Name was writ in Water.

24 February 1821

John Keats


who is this

Samuel Taylor Coleridge


Robert Southey.jpgwho is this

Robert Southey (1772-1843)

Born in Bristol, died in London

One of the "lake poets" who lived in the lake district


When was Wordsworth Poet Laureate

1843-1850 (when he died)


With whom did Byron have an affair, and what did the lady say of Byron

Lady Caroline Lamb (wife of future PM Viscount Melbourne)

she spurned him on their first meeting describing him as "mad, bad and dangerous to know"


What was Pushkin's most famous play

Boris Godunov

About a usurper called Boris Godunov, and how his family suffer the same fate at the hands of a pretender 'Tsar Dmitry' acted by an ex-monk called Gregory


What is the subtitle of the poem Jerusalem, and what is the poem about

The Emanation of the Giant Albion

- the last longest and greatest in scope of the his prophetic books based on his own mythology written and illustrated by William Blake

The fall of Albion and his division into the Zoas and their emanations are also the central themes of Jerusalem: The Emanation of The Giant Albion.

The parts into which Albion is divided are the four Zoas:

    Tharmas: representing instinct and strength
    Urizen: reason, tradition; a cruel god resembling the Gnostic Demiurge.
    Luvah: love, passion and emotive faculties; a Christ-like figure, also known as Orc in his most amorous and rebellious form.
    Urthona, also known as Los: inspiration and the imagination


What is the surname of Jane Austen's Emma

Emma Woodhouse

It is a novel about a novel about youthful hubris and the perils of misconstrued romance.


William Wordsworth 001.jpgwho is this

William Wordsworth (1770-1850)

Born in Cockermouth, Cumbria (Lake District)

Died in Cumberland



Alexander Pushkin


Photograph of James fenimore Cooper by Mathew Brady.jpgwho is this

James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851)



Jane Austen (1775-1817) as drawn by her sister Cassandra


Who wrote The Vampyre, and what was the name of the vampyre

John William Polidori

Lord Ruthven was the vampyre, and turned the vampyre inot the aristocratic figure it is often known as.  Ruthven was probably based on Byron


Where are Keats and P S Shelley buried

Protestant Cemetary, Rome


Who wrote The Swiss Family Robinson (1812) and what was it very succintly about

What is the family's actual surname in the book, and why is it called 'Robinson' in the title

Johann David Wyss

About a Swiss family (Zermatt) shipwrecked in the East Indies en route to Australia

The novel was intended to teach his four sons about family values, good husbandry, the uses of the natural world and self-reliance.

The 'Robinson' comes from the fact that it was based on a Robinson Crusoe type story



What was Walter Scott's first novel and what is it about

Waverley (1814), published anonymously

Waverley is set during the Jacobite uprising of 1745, which sought to restore the Stuart dynasty in the person of Charles Edward Stuart (or "Bonnie Prince Charlie"). It relates the story of a young dreamer and English soldier, Edward Waverley, who is sent to Scotland in 1745. He journeys north from his aristocratic family home, Waverley-Honour, in the south of England, first to the Scottish Lowlands and the home of family friend Baron Bradwardine, then into the Highlands and the heart of the 1745 Jacobite uprising and aftermath.

Waverley station in Edinburgh is named after the station


How did Pushkin die?

He was mortally wounded in a duel in St Petersburg. 

He was notoriously touchy about his honour and fought 29 duels.

The duel that killed him was with George Charles de Heeckeren A'Athes, a French officer serving in the Chevalier Guard Regiment, and it came about because he had been trying to seduce Pushkin's babe of a wife


What was Washington Irving's pseudonym

Geoffrey Crayon


Thomas Love Peacock by Henry Wallis.jpg

What was his classic parody of the Romance NovelTh

Thomas Love Peacock (1785-1866)

Nightmare Abbey (1818)


What is often regarded as the first historical novel

Walter Scott's Waverley


Who was the main clan chief in Waverley

What was the name of his sister

What is the battle in which he rescues Colonel Talbot

What relation was Bonnie Prince Charlie of James II

Fergus Mac-Ivor

Flora Mac-Ivor

Battle of Prestonpans (the first significant battle in the Jacobite Rising of 1745)

Bonnie Prince Charlie 'The Young Pretender' was the grandson of James II.  And son of the 'Old Pretender' James Stuart (James II's son).  The Old Pretender claimed to be James III on the death of his father in 1701




In what composition would you find the 'idiot boy', and what was special about it

In Wordsworth/Coleridge's Lyrical Ballads

The first poem in any language on the subject of a Down's syndrome child


In contrast to the Lake School of Wordsworth and Coleridge an Southey, what was the school of

'Bryon and Shelley'

Who were the principle members of the 'Cockney School'

Byron and Shelley were the 'Satanic School'

The Cockney School included: John Keats, Leigh Hunt, William Hazlitt and Charles Lamb


What was the name of the essay collection by William Hazlitt and Leigh Hunt

The Round Table (1817)


(James) Leigh Hunt (1784-1859)



Charles Lamb (1775-1834)

Wrote Tales from Shakespeare with his sister Mary

This portrait was by William Hazlitt



William Hazlitt self-portrait (1802).jpg

William Hazlitt (1778-1830)

Often considered one of the greatest literary critics of all time along with Dr Johnson


John Clare.jpg

John Clare (1793-1864)

Sometimes known as the English Robert Burns

known for his celebratory representations of the English countryside and his lamentation of its disruption


What book is the film Clueless based on

Jane Austin's Emma


Can you recite the first line from Pride and Prejudice

"It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife"


Who are the three principal members of the Bennet family in P&P

Jane (the pretty one), Elizabeth (the best one) and Lydia (the silly young one)



Who is the pompous priest in Pride and Prejudice, and who does he marry

Mr William Collins

First he tries it on with Elizabeth, but doesn't succeed, so in the end marries Elizabeth's friend Charlotte Lucas



Who is the ridiculusly happy rich friend of Mr Darcy in Pride and Prejudice, and who does he marry

Mr Charles Bingley

Jane Bennet



Who does the youngest Bennet sister end up marrying

George Wickham

He marries her because he is bribed to by Dary