Late Victorian Literature part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Late Victorian Literature part 2 Deck (79):

Who painted the picture of Dorian Gray

Basil Hallward

Dorian (whimsically) expresses a desire to sell his soul to ensure the portrait Basil has painted would age rather than he. Dorian's wish is fulfilled, and when he subsequently pursues a life of debauchery, the portrait serves as a reminder of the effect each act has upon his soul, with each sin displayed as a disfigurement of his form, or through a sign of aging.


Which theatre was Bram Stoker business manager of for 27 years

In Dracula, who is the rich Texan who is fatally injured in the final battle with Dracula

Who does he propose to

Who is the main hero in Dracula, and who is his wife

Who are the other two male friends involved in the pursuit against Dracula

Which one of these is Van Helsing's student

Who is the name of the lawyer who Dracula turns mad

Which story about a lesbian vampire partly inspired Dracula

Which uber long penny dreadful also helped inspire Dracula


Lyceum theatre

Quincey Morris

Lucy Westenra - he is the last person to donate her blood before her death

Jonathon Harker (surname comes from a set designer at the lyceum) and his wife Mina (Lucy's best friend)

Arthur Holmwood, and Jack Seward (Helsing's student)


Sheridan Le Fanu's 'Carmilla' (1871)

James Rymer's 'Varney the Vampire' - 667,000 word epic (hypnotism, fangs, strength are amongst the tropes that this introduced)



Who invented the charactor Professor George Edward Challenger, and in which book did he first appear

What two other novels did he appear in

Arthur Conan Doyle

He first appeared in his book The Lost World

Also in 'The Poison Belt' and 'The Land of Mist' (this is spiritulist stuff)


Malone's editor, Mr McArdle,described him as "just a homicidal megalomaniac with a turn for science", his ingenuity could be counted upon to solve any problem or get out of any unsavoury situation, and be sure to offend and insult several other people in the process. Challenger was, in many ways, rude, crude, and without social conscience or inhibition.



What is the name of the Scotland Yard detective who appears in many Sherlock Holmes novels

Inspector G. Lestrade


What play has the subtitle, A Trivial Comedy for Serious People,

How successful was the play

The Importance of Being Earnest (1895)

Wilde's notoriety caused the play, despite its success, to be closed after just 86 performances. After his release, he published the play from exile in Paris, but he wrote no further comic or dramatic work.


Kiplingcropped.jpgwho is this

Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)

Born in Bombay, India

Died in Middlesex hospital, London



What fighting skills does Sherlock Holmes have

According to Watson he is an expert at singlestick (a fighting style involving a cane)

He is an expert with the sword (although is not reported to have used on in the books)

He's good with a riding crop

but also with his fists, he was renowned bare-knuckle fighter at one point

He also uses the Japanese wrestling style of baritsu, which combines jujitsu with boxing and cane fencing



What was Dr Watson's profession before he met Sherlock

He was an Army Surgeon, and saw service in the Second Afghan War, where he was wounded at the Battle of Maiwand


The Battle of Maiwand on 27 July 1880 was one of the principal battles of the Second Anglo-Afghan War. Under the leadership of Ayub Khan, the Afghans defeated two brigades of British and Indian troops under Brigadier-General George Burrows, though at a high price: between 2,050 and 2,750 Afghan warriors were killed, and probably about 1,500 wounded.[2] British and Indian forces suffered 969 soldiers killed and 177 wounded.


Who is the wife of Dr Watson

Mary Morstan


What instrument does Sherlock Holmes play


What is the connection between Rudyard Kipling and Frank Sinatra

Frank Sinatra included the song On the Road to Mandalay on his 1958 Come Fly with Me album

The song was constructed by Oley Speaks from Rudyard Kipling's poem Mandalay in 1907 - his version sold over one million copies

The road to Mandalay is the Irrawaddy river


Who has the following epitaph on his grave and from what poem does it come

    And alien tears will fill for him
    Pity's long-broken urn,
    For his mourners will be outcast men,
    And outcasts always mourn.

Oscar Wilde

The epitaph is a verse from The Ballad of Reading Gaol:[170]



What did Arthur Conan Doyle publish in the British Medical Journal.



 "Gelsemium as a Poison"


What works by Knut Hamsum pioneer the Neo Romantic revolt at the turn of the 19th century







Anthony Hope Hawkins by Alfred Ellis & Walery.jpgwho is this

Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins (1863-1933)

Born in London, and did in Walton on the Hill, Surrey



Arthur Machen circa 1905.jpgwho is this

Arthur Machen (1863-1947)

Born in Wales, died in Buckinghamshire


What number Baker street do Watson and Holmes live at



What are the three most famous works of Jerome K Jerome

Three men in a boat (to say nothing of the dog) (1889)

Its sequel Three men on the Bummel

and Idle Thoughts for an Idle Fellow (1886)


In what magazine were short stories of Sherlock Holmes published, making him famous

The Strand Magazine,

the first was A Scandal in Bohemia (1891)


Bram Stoker 1906.jpgwho is this

Abraham "Bram" Stoker (1847-1912)

Born in Dublin,

Died in London



Who taught H G Wells biology

Wells studied biology under Thomas Huxley

As an alumnus of the Royal College of Science (now part of Imperial) in Kensington, he later helped to set up the Royal College of Science Association, of which he became the first president in 1909.



What were the seven finished plays of Oscar Wilde

Vera; or, The Nihilists (1880)

The Duchess of Padua (1883)

Lady Windermere's Fan (1892)

A Woman of No Importance (1893)

Salomé (French version) (1893, first performed in Paris 1896)

An Ideal Husband (1895) (text)

The Importance of Being Earnest (1895)


In The Spectator, Grant Allen called who "a woman of deplorable talent who imagined that she was a genius, and was accepted as a genius by a public to whose commonplace sentimentalities and prejudices she gave a glamorous setting."

Marie Corelli


What did Stephen King describe as "Maybe the best [horror story] in the English language"

The novella "The Great God Pan" by Arthur Machen


What is the first two lines of Kipling's If... poem


If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you,

after lots of similar lines it ends

If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run,
Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,
And—which is more—you’ll be a man, my son!

it is an evocation of Victorian stoicism, self-control and the "stiff upper lip" that popular culture has made into a traditional British virtue.


In what book did Conan Doyle kill off Sherlock Holmes, and in what book did he first reappear

Holmes was first 'killed' in The Final Problem

The next book Doyle wrote was The Hound of the Baskervilles (but it was set before the 'death')

His resurrection or at least, how he survived the fall was explained in the book The Adventure of the Empty House


Who was the main protagonist of the Jungle Book, and in which precursor short-story did he first appear


He first appeared in the short-story "In the Rukh"



What is the name of Sherlock Holme's brother


His brother, Mycroft, seven years his senior, is a government official who appears in three stories and is mentioned in one other story.Mycroft has a unique civil service position as a kind of memory-man or walking database for all aspects of government policy. Mycroft is described as even more gifted than Sherlock in matters of observation and deduction, but he lacks Sherlock's drive and energy, preferring to spend his time at ease in the Diogenes Club, described as "a club for the most un-clubbable men in London".


What are the big six novels by H G Wells

The Time Machine
The Invisible Man
The Island of Doctor Moreau
The War of the Worlds
The First Men in the Moon
The Shape of Things to Come


MarieCorelli.jpgwho is this

Marie Corelli


Although little known now, in the late 19th century she sold more books than Arthur Conan Doyle and H G Wells and Rudyard Kipling combined

Her style was gothic, fantasy and scientific romance


What was the name of Oscar Wilde's lover and his father

Lord Alfred Douglas

His father was the Marquess of Queensberry (of Boxing rules fame)

Wilde brought Queensbury to trial over libelling him for sodomy, but it backfired as too much evidence came to light

Queensberry brought Wilde's homosexuality to public attention and also eventually Oscar's jail time


What was the first novel to feature Sherlock Holmes, and where was it first published

A Study in Scarlet (pub in Beeton's Christmas Annual 1887)

The book's title derives from a speech given by Holmes to his sidekick Doctor Watson on the nature of his work, in which he describes the story's murder investigation as his "study in scarlet":




H G Wells pre 1922.jpgwho is this

Herbert George Wells (1866-1946)

Born in Bromley

Died in London

Famous for science fiction but wrote with a strong social angle


In what year did Wilde go into exile, and what name did he go under

What did Oscar Wilde die of

Can you name is three sets of stories



Sebastian Melmoth

Cerebral Meningitis in the Hotel D'Alsace in Paris

The Happy Prince and Other Stories (1888, fairy stories)


Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and Other Stories (1891, stories)


House of Pomegranates (1891, fairy stories)


Who did Doyle say inspired the character of Sherlock Holmes

Dr Joseph Bell

Bell was noted for drawing large conclusions from the smallest observations.

However, some years later Bell wrote in a letter to Conan Doyle: "you are yourself Sherlock Holmes and well you know it.


In which book do you find Morlocks and Eloi (incuding one named Weena)

The Time Machine (1895)

by H G Wells


Hamsun bldsa HA0341.jpgwho is this

Knut Hamsun

(1859-1952) - impressive innings


Hamsun is considered the "leader of the Neo-Romantic revolt at the turn of the [20th] century"

He pioneered psychological literature with techniques of stream of consciousness and interior monologue, and influenced authors such as Thomas Mann, Franz Kafka, Maxim Gorky, Stefan Zweig, Henry Miller, Hermann Hesse, and Ernest Hemingway.[5] Isaac Bashevis Singer called Hamsun "the father of the modern school of literature in his every aspect—his subjectiveness, his fragmentariness, his use of flashbacks, his lyricism.


Oscar Wilde portrait.jpgwho is this

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (1854-1900)

Born in Dublin

Died in Paris



who is this and who painted it

Rudyard Kipling, by John Collier in 1891


What dog does Dr Watson keep

An English Bulldog (or Bullpup)


What hobby does Sherlock Holmes take up after retirement

Beekeeping, at his small farm on the Sussex Downs


What were the eight most high profile works of Rudyard Kipling

The Jungle Book (which included Rikki-Tikki-Tavi)

Just So Stories (short stories)

Kim (novel)

"If—" (poem)

"Gunga Din" (poem)

The Man who Would be King (novella)

Mandalay (poem)

The White Man's Burden (poem)


Which comedians embarked on a recreation of the novel Three Men in a Boat in 2005 for the BBC

Griff Rhys Jones,

Dara Ó Briain,

and Rory McGrath


In what year was Shelock Holmes estimated to have been born


In the story "His Last Bow" - the story is set in August 1914 and he is described as being 60 years of age.


Conan doyle.jpgwho is this

Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle


Born in Edinburgh, died in Crowbridge, East Sussex



Over what falls did Sherlock Holmes and Moriarty fall

Reichenbach Falls in Switzerland


Which Doctor served upon the whaler Hope of Peterhead in 1880, and was ship's surgeon on the SS Mayumba during a voyage around the West African Coast

Arthur Conan Doyle


Lord Alfred Douglas by George Charles Beresford (1903).jpgwho is this

Lord Alfred Douglas (1870-1945)

nickname Bosie

A poet, but also a fierce anti-semite,

most famous for his homosexual affair with Oscar Wilde


Who lived in Viliers Street for two years

Rudyard Kipling

"Meantime, I had found me quarters in Villiers Street, Strand, which forty-six years ago was primitive and passionate in its habits and population. My rooms were small, not over-clean or well-kept, but from my desk I could look out of my window through the fanlight of Gatti’s Music-Hall entrance, across the street, almost on to its stage. The Charing Cross trains rumbled through my dreams on one side, the boom of the Strand on the other, while, before my windows, Father Thames under the Shot Tower walked up and down with his traffic"


What was H G Wells particular medical affliction

Wells was a diabetic, and a co-founder in 1934 of what is now Diabetes UK


Jerome K. Jerome.jpgwho is this

Jerome K Jerome (1859-1927)

Writer and humorist


What was Holme's drug habbit

He is a habitual user of cocaine, which he injects in a seven-per-cent solution using a personal syringe that he keeps in a leather case. Holmes is also an occasional user of morphine but expressed strong disapproval on visiting an opium den.


Who wrote the following eulogy for Hitler a week after his death “He was a warrior, a warrior for mankind, and a prophet of the gospel of justice for all nations.”

Knut Hamsun

Following the end of the war, angry crowds burned his books in public in major Norwegian cities and Hamsun was confined for several months in a psychiatric hospital.

Hamsun was forced to undergo a psychiatric examination, which concluded that he had "permanently impaired mental faculties", and on that basis the charges of treason were dropped.


Abierce.jpgwho is this

Ambrose Bierce (1842-1913)

Born in Ohio,

last seen in Mexico



Who is the houselady of 221B Baker Street

Mrs Hudson


Where is Oscar Wilde buried

 Père Lachaise Cemetery

His tomb was designed by Sir Jacob Epstein,[Notes 8] commissioned by Robert Ross, who asked for a small compartment to be made for his own ashes which were duly transferred in 1950. The modernist angel depicted as a relief on the tomb was originally complete with male genitalia which have since been vandalised; their current whereabouts are unknown. In 2000, Leon Johnson, a multimedia artist, installed a silver prosthesis to replace them.


Who wrote the short story "An Occurance at Owl Creek Bridge" and the satirical lexicon The Devil's Dictionary

Ambrose Bierce


What are the two most famous books by Anthony Hope.  In what fictional country are they based

The Prisoner of Zenda (1894) and its sequel Rupert of Hentzau (1898).

They are set in Ruritania


What is the plot of Three Men in a Boat

It a humorous account by English writer Jerome K. Jerome of a boating holiday on the Thames between Kingston and Oxford.

The book was initially intended to be a serious travel guide, with accounts of local history along the route, but the humorous elements took over to the point where the serious and somewhat sentimental passages seem a distraction to the comic novel.


What is the connection between H G Wells and A A Milne

In 1889–90 H G Wells managed to find a post as a teacher at Henley House School where he taught A. A. Milne


What was Oscar Wilde's first and only novel and where and when was it published

The Picture of Dorian Gray (pub. in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine in July 1890, and then in book form in 1891)


Who won the nobel prize for literature in 1907


Rudyard Kipling

The first English language write to win

and the youngest recipient as of 2013

He declined the Poet Laureateship and knighthood offers


What are Kipling's Just so Stories, and give an example or two


Highly fantasised origin stories, especially for differences among animals

"How the Whale Got His Throat" — why the big whale eats such small prey.

"How the Camel Got His Hump" — how the idle camel was punished and given a hump.

"How the Leopard Got His Spots" - why leopards have spots.


What is the story of Gunga Din (1892) and who wrote it

Rudyard Kipling

The poem is a rhyming narrative from the point of view of a British soldier, about a native water-bearer (a "Bhishti") who saves the soldier's life but is soon shot and killed. In the final three lines, the soldier regrets the abuse he dealt to Din and admits that Din is the better man of the two for sacrificing his own life to save another. The poem was published as one of the set of martial poems called the Barrack-Room Ballads.


What is the full name of Sherlock Holmes' sidekick?

John H. Watson

In Conan Doyle's early rough plot outlines, Sherlock Holmes' sidekick was named "Ormond Sacker"


Who wrote a Shropshire Lad (1896)

Alfred Edward Houseman (1859-1936)

It was very popular with soldiers in the trenches of WWI



Who were the three men in a boat and what was the name of the dog

what breed was the dog

What in real life is Jerome K Jerome's middle name


George ( a banker)


and the dox Montmorency (a fox terrier)



How does sign of the four begin and end

With Holmes shooting up on cocaine



Which enduring character does Sign of the Four introduce

Where does the treasure come from

Where does it end up

Who puts it there

Who was the killer (where was he from)

What does the sign of the four mean

Mary Morstan

Agra (remember the story of the Sepoy Mutiny)

In the Thames

The man with the Wooden leg Jonathon Small

A native from the Andamon Islands (he killed Bartholomew Sholto - son of the Major who first stole the treasure from Small [and the four])

It was the four people who got together to steal the Agra treasure (3 Indians and Small) - the group was later expanded to include Capt Morstan (Mary's dad) and Major Sholto who betrayed them


What is the first name of the anti-hero in H G Well's book, The History of Mr Polly (who was he based on)

Who does he marry

What happens to change his life

Who does he have to defeath


Alfred Polly

based on Well's brother Frank

Miriam Larkins

He tries to commit suicide (but it goes wrong)

Uncle Jim




Who is ship wrecked and taken to the island of Dr Moreau

Who takes him there

What is Dr Moreau

Who was in the 1996 film of the book


Edward Prendick

Montgomery (Moreau's assistant)

Dr Moreau is a vivasectionist who can turn animals into sort of people

The 1996 film starred Marlon Brando and Val Kilman


Where / When was War of the World's first published


Who is the Doctor in the Invisible Man

What term did H G Wells coin

What do the narrators of the Time Machine (subject of the book) and the War of the Worlds have in common

1897 simultaneously serialised in:

Pearson's Magazine in the UK

Cosmopolitan in the US

Dr Kemp is the Doctor in the Invisible Man

He cointed the term 'Time Machine'

None of the narrators or main human charactors are named


Maxim Gorky LOC Restored edit1.jpg

Maxim Gorky (1868-1936)

Real name Alexei Peshkov


Chekov and Gorky in 1900


Tolstoy and Gorky in 1900


What is Maxim Gorky's most well known three works


My Childhood

The Lower Depths


LeFanu.jpgHis two big works?

(Joseph) Sheridan Le Fanu (1814-1873)

lived his life in Dublin


Uncle Silas

and lesbian vampire hit 'Carmilla'

He was the leading ghost story writer of the 19th century



Who are the two leading people in the play 'The Importance of Being Ernest'

Who does 'Ernest' love

Who is Algernon's imaginary friend

Who is Algernon's elder brother

Who does Algernon marry

John Worthing (J.P) -Algernon's best friend (who Algernon knows as Ernest - his libertine name)

Algernon Moncrieff - young idle gentleman

JP loves' Algernon's cousin Gwendolen Fairfax (daughter of Lady Bracknell)

Algernon's IF is Bunbury (who he can visit int he country to get out of unwanted engagements)

At the end of the novel you find out JP is actually Algernon's elder brother, hence can marry Gwendolen

Algernon marries JP's ward Cecily


Who create the language Esparanto and in what year

L L Zamenhof in 1887