Early Social Cognition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Early Social Cognition Deck (15):
1

What are the 4 main landmarks of early social cognition

1. Sensitivity to features of sentient beings

2. Teleology and rationality

3. Representational mind

4. Refined complex introspection

2

How old are children in the sensitivity to features of sentient beings landmark

0-12 month

3

How old are children in the teleology and rationality landmark

9-18 months

4

How old are children in the representational mind landmark

3-5 years

5

How old are children in the refined complex introspection landmark

6+

6

What are aspects of development of features to sentient beings

1. Babies are interested in faces
2. gaze

7

What did Johnson find to do with development of sensitivity to features of sentient beings

Showed them either a face, a scrambled face or a blank face

Turn their head further and rotated eyes when shape was a face

8

What was a follow up study to Johnson to do with development of sensitivity to features of sentient beings

Infants looked more when a shape had a lot going on in the top half compared to the when there was a lot going on in the bottom half - looks more like a face

9

What did Farroni (2013) find to do with development of sensitivity to features of sentient beings

Shown either a face or a moving wheel

Looked at both - older the infant more activation in areas of brain for face. Didn’t find it for the moving wheel

10

How do social stimuli differ from non social stimuli

1. Social agents can move on their own

2. Social agents can change direction without external influence

3. Causal reactions can be delayed

11

What did Spelke find to do with development of sensitivity to features of sentient beings

Children looked more at action at a distance event (things move without touching) as it was surprising

12

What is rationality

State of being reasonable based on facts

13

What is teleology

Human actions have a definite end

14

What did Gergely, Nádasdy, Csibra, Bíró (1995) find and do to with inferred action

Children habituated to a ball jumping over a shape. Then shown the ball jumping over nothing

15

What did Gergely, Nádasdy, Csibra, Bíró(1995) do and find to do with inferred action

children shown ball jumping over wall to get to another ball. wall is then removed and shown ball going straight or jumping

9 and 12 month old looked longer when ball then jumps when wall is removed