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Developmental Psychology > Theory Of Mind > Flashcards

Flashcards in Theory Of Mind Deck (10):
1

What is theory of mind

Being able to attribute mental states e.g thoughts and beliefs to others

2

What are primary levels of representation

1st year of life
Children are tied to reality by a single updating model

3

What are secondary levels of representations

2nd year of life
Children have multiple models that allow representations of different situations

4

What are 3 abilities that require 2 models in secondary representation

1. Mirror recognition
2. Pretend play
3. Ability to deny

5

What did Hummer, Wimmer and Antes find to do with secondary levels of representation

Looked at ability to deny
Older they children, deny objects more

6

What 2 ways can false belief be measured

1. Implicitly

2. Explicitly

7

What are 2 examples of false belief being measured explicitly

1. Sally Anne task - children shown 2 dolls. Sally puts her ball under her basket and then leaves. Anne then moves Sally’s ball and puts it under her box. Children under 4 will say Sally will look for the ball under the box

2. smarties task - children asked what is in a box saying smarties. Say smarties but shown it is pencils. Children under 4 say that another child will say it is pencils when asked what is in box

8

At what age do children complete explicit false belief tasks

4

9

What are 3 social consequences of theory of mind

1. Deception

2. Sabotage

3. Competition

10

What did Perner & Roessler (2012) do and find to do with theory of mind

children as sensitive at age 1-2 to false belief but explicit tasks e.g sally anne task are too complicted

can pass implicit tasks