Executive Functioning Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > Executive Functioning > Flashcards

Flashcards in Executive Functioning Deck (14):
1

What is executive functioning

higher order mental processes e.g enhancing working memory

2

What are the 6 domains of executive fucntioning

1. impulse control
2. emotional control
3. self monitoring
4. task initiation
5. planning
6. working memory

3

What 4 ways can executive functioning be assessed

1. genetics
2. brain imaging
3. cognitive tests
4. observations

4

What part of the brain deals with executive functioning

dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

5

How does executive functioning develop

develops gradually in childhood due to frontal lobe maturation

6

What 5 cognitive tests are there to test executive functioning

1. inhibition
2. shifting
3.planning
4. updating
5. sustained attention

7

What are 2 examples of inhibition cognitive test

1. stroop task - have to say colour of word not word

2. wisconsin card sorting task - have to sort cards due to one of the properties of the pattern

8

What did Prevor and Diamond (2005) do and find to do with the stroop task

gave children drawings of objects. children named the object rather than the colour of the object, slower to name colour.

9

What is the explanation for children being unable to complete the stroop task

have a lack of inhibitory control

10

What is executive dysfunction

cognitive, emotional and behavioural difficulties that occur due to injury to frontal lobe

11

What are 3 examples of executive dsyfunction

1. ADHD
2. Autism
3. Learning disabilities

12

What is ADHD

delay of control in working memory, impulse control, planning, emotional control

associated with hyperactivity, antisocial behaviour, depression

13

What is a neurodegenerative disease of executive dsyfunction

Alzheimers - memory impairment. executive function declines during disease. affects plaques in the frontal lobe

14

What is an example of increase bilingualism

e.g bilingualism. out perform monolingual peers on executive function tasks