Theories of Social Development Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > Theories of Social Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Theories of Social Development Deck (34):
1

What are the 2 psychoanalytic theories of social development

1. Freud's psychosexual stages

2. Erikson's psychsocial stages

2

What are the 2 learning theories of social development

1. Skinner's operant conditioning

2. Bandura's social learning theory

3

What are 3 theories of social cognition

1. Selman's stage theory of role taking

2. Dodge's information processing theory of social problem solving

3. Dweck's theory of self attributions and achievement motivation

4

What is 1 ecological theory of development

1. Bronfenbenner' s ecological system theory

5

What are the 5 stages of psychosexual development

1. oral
2. anal
3. phallic
4. latency
5. genital

6

What is the oral stage of psychosexual development

0-1yrs

focus on sucking, spitting and biting

7

What is the anal stage of psychosexual development

1-3yrs

focus on anus

8

What is the phallic stage of psychosexual developmentn

3-6

oedius and electra complex

9

What is the latency stage of psychosexual development

6 to puberty

identify with same sex parent

10

What is the genital stage of psychosexual development

puberty to adulthood

sexual impulses arise again

11

What are the 8 stages to Erikson's psychosocial theory

1. trust vs mistrust
2. autonomy vs shame and doubt
3. initiative vs guilt
4. industry vs inferiority
5. identity vs role confusion
6. intimacy vs isolation
7. generativity vs stagnation
8. ego integrity vs despair

12

What is the trust vs mistrust stage of psychosocial theory

birth - 18 months

feeding is important.

develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide care and affection

13

What is the autonomy vs shame and doubt stage of psychosocial theory

2-3 yrs

potty training is important

need to develop a sense of control over physical skills and have a sense of independence. success leads to autonomy

14

What is the initiative vs guilt stage of psychosocial theory

3-5 yrs

exploration is important

begin asserting control over environment

15

What is the industry vs inferiority stage of psychosocial development

6-11

school is important

need to cope with social and academic demands.

16

What is the identity vs role confusion stage of psychosocial development

12-18

social relationships are important

need to develop a personal identity. success leads to the ability to stay true to yourself

17

What is the intimacy vs isolation stage of psychosocial development

19-40

relationships are important

need to form intimate bonds. success leads to strong relationships

18

What is the generativity vs stagnation stage of psychosocial development

40-65

work and parenthood are important

need to nurture things that will outlast them e.g children.

19

what is the ego integrity vs despair stage of psychosocial development

65-death

reflection on life is important

need to look back and life and see fulfillment

20

What is bandura's social learning theory

children learn by observing others

do not imitate all behaviours they observe

learn through reinforcement and punishment of others behaviour

21

What are the 5 stages of Selman's stage theory of role taking

1. undifferentiated perspective taking

2. social informational perspective taking

3. self reflective perspective taking

4. third party perspective taking

5. societal perspective taking

22

What is the undiffertiated perspective taking stage of Selman's stage theory of role taking

3-6yrs

assume people have the same wants

23

What is the social informational perspective taking stage of Selman's stage theory of role taking

5-9yrs

know people have different views as they have different information

24

What is the self reflective perspective taking stage of Selman's stage theory of role taking

7-12yrs

can see things from another point of view

25

What is the third party perspective taking stage of Selman's stage theory of role taking

10-15

can imagine things from a bystanders perspective

26

What is the societal perspective taking stage of Selman's stage theory of role taking

14-adulthood

understand that third party views are influenced by cultural norms and values

27

What is Skinner's operant conditioning theory of social development

behaviour is under enironmental control

repeat behaviours that are seen as favourable as they are reinforced and avoid behaviours that are seen as unfavourable as they are punished

28

What are the 6 stages of Dodge;s information processing theory

1. encoding cues

2. interpreting cues

3. clarifying goals

4. accessing or constructing possible responses

5. deciding on a response

6. acting on the chosen response

29

What is Dweck's theory of self attributions and achievement motivation

growth mindset - attribute success and failure to the amount of effort put in and amount of persitance

fixed mindset - attribute success and failure to ability and give up in the face of failure

30

What is Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory

1. microsystem

2. mesosystem

3. exosystem

4. macrosystem

each system has a different level of influence

31

What are 2 examples of a mesosystem

1. immediate family

2. school

32

What is an example of a microsystem

the individual

33

What are 2 examples of a exosystem

1. friends and neighbours

2. workplace

34

What are 2 examples of a macrosystem

1. laws

2. values