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Flashcards in Moral Development Deck (20):

What are the 2 contrasting views of moral thought

1. Young children have an inherently moral nature

2. Young children must learn about morality through social and cultural experiences


What is the evolutionary perspective of moral thought

Children are not inherently good or bad

Humans have a sense of morality as it has an adaptive value


What is Piaget’s cognitive component of moral development

There are 3 stages of moral reasoning that children have to go through

1. premoral
2. Heteronomous
3. Autonomous


What is the premoral stage of moral development

Up to 4yrs

They have no awareness of rules and no notions of justice. Don’t use moral principles


What is the heteronomous stage of moral development

Between 4 and 10yrs

Rules are seen as unchangeable
Responsibility is due to consequences rather than intentions
Don’t know what level of punishment is appropriate


What is the autonomous stage of moral development


Rules are seen as changeable
Responsibly is based partly on intentions
Know punishment should be appropriate


What 2 factors play a role in transitioning between the heteronomous and the autonomous stage of moral development

1. Cognitive maturation e.g decline egocentrism

2. Social experience e.g contact with peers


What did Piaget find to do with consequences outweighing intentions

Younger children said that the child opening the door knocking over lots of glasses was worse than the child climbing up to get something and knocking over 1 glass


What is Kohlberg’s theory of moral development

3 levels

1. Pre conventional morality

2. Conventional morality

3. Post conventional morality


What is pre conventional morality

Right and wrong is determined by rewards and punishments

Stage 1 - Whatever leads to punishment is wrong

Stage 2 - The right way to behave is what is rewarded


What is conventional morality

Views of others matter and seeking approval

Stage 3 - Behaving in ways they see as good

Stage 4 - obedient to authority


What is post conventional morality

The rights of others can override obedience of laws

Stage 5 - recognition that rules should sometimes be broken

Stage 6 - takes in to account the view of everyone affected by a moral decision


What is the affective component of moral development

Contagious crying

Empathy development

Moral Emotions


What did Geangu, Benga, Stahl, & Striano (2010) find to do with contagious crying

Children up to 9 months showed equal facial and vocal distress when exposed to a cry


What is the behavioural component of moral development

1. Prosocial behaviour

2. Anti-social behaviour


What is prosocial behaviour

Actions performed to the benefit of others at cost to the person doing the behaviour


What is antisocial behaviour

Acts that harm another individual


What are 2 aspects of prosocial behaviour

1. Helping

2. Cooperation


What did Hamlin, Wynn, & Bloom (2007) do and find to do with helping

Children alternately shown a video of a red circle either being helped to pushed down while trying to climb a hill

Infants chose the helper


What is a follow up study to Hamlin, Wynn, & Bloom (2007)

Infants shown videos where either the ball got helped up the hill or was nudged down it. The ball either bounced at the top of the hill or did not. The able either bounced at the bottom or did not

Children preferred the that bounced even if it was the hinderer