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Flashcards in Ego Defenses Deck (20)
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1

Acting Out

Unacceptable feeling/though --> action
Ex. tantrum

2

Denial

Avoiding awareness of painful reality

3

Displacement

Transfer avoided ideas/feelings to a neutral person or object
- Ex. mother yells at child because husband yelled at her

4

Dissociation

Temporary & drastic change in personality/memory/consciousness/motor behavior to avoid emotional stress
- Dissociative identity disorder

5

Fixation

Partially remaining at more childish level of development
- Ex. adults fixated on video games

6

Idealization

Expressing extremely positive thoughts of self/others while ignoring negative thoughts
- Ignore flaws

7

Identification

Modeling behavior after another person who is more powerful
- Ex. abused child later becomes child abuser

8

Intellectualization

Use facts & logic to emotionally distance oneself from a stressful situation
- Cancer patients focus on rates of survival

9

Isolation

Separating feelings from ideas/events
- Describe a murder in graphic detail with no emotional response

10

Passive Aggression

Fail to meet needs/expectations of others as indirect show of opposition
- Employee repeatedly late to work

11

Projection

Attributing an unacceptable internal impulse to an external source
- Ex. man who wants to cheat on his wife accuses her of being unfaithful

12

Rationalization

Proclaiming logical reasons for actions actually performed for other reasons
- Usually to avoid self blame

13

Reaction Formation

Replacing warded-off idea/feeling by (unconsciously derived) emphasis on its opposite
- Girls have cooties

14

Regression

Involuntarily turning back maturational clock
- Kids under stress wet the bed

15

Repression

Involuntary witholding of idea/feeling from conscious awareness
- Don't remember going to counseling

16

Splitting

Believing that people are all good or all bad at different times due to intolerance of ambiguity
- Borderline personality disorder

17

Sublimation
- MATURE

Replacing unacceptable wish with course of action that is similar to wish but does not conflict with one's value system
- Teen aggression --> play sports

18

Altruism
- MATURE

Alleviate negative feelings via unsolicited generosity
- Mafia boss donates to charity

19

Suppression
- MATURE

Intentionally withholding an idea or feeling rom conscious awareness
- Temporary
- Don't worry about big game until it's time to play

20

Humor
- MATURE

Appreciating the amusing nature of an anxiety-provoking or adverse situation
- Nervous medical student jokes about the boards