Flashcards in Neuro Deck (188)
Labs on neural tube defects?
What maternal disease is anencephaly associated with?
Maternal type 1 diabetes
What mutation is holoprosencephaly associated with?
What conditions is holoprosencephaly associatd with?
How does syringomyelia present?
"Cape-like" bilateral loss of pain and temp sensation in UE (C8-T1)
- Ciari I malformation
Nissl (RER) - only in dendrites
Where is Ach produced?
Basal nucleus of Meynert (degernation in Alzheimers)
Where is DA produced?
Where is GABA prodcued?
- Made from glutamate and vit B6
Where is NE produced?
Where is serotonin produced?
Function of supraoptic nucleus of hypothalamus?
Function of paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus?
Function of lateral area of hypothalamus?
- Damage --> anorexia
- Stimulated by: ghrelin
- Inhibited by: leptin
Function of ventromedial area of hypothalamus?
- Damage (craniopharyngioma) --> hyperphagia
- Stimulated by: leptin
Function of anterior hypothalamus?
- Cooling (PS)
Function of posterior hypothalamus?
- Heating (S)
Function of suprachiasmatic nucleus?
- Circadian rhythm
- SCN releases NE --> pineal gland --> melatonin
Extraocular movements during REM due to?
Treatment for bedwedding?
Oral desmopressin (1st line)
Imipramine (TCA) 2nd line
Treatment for night terrors and sleepwalking?
Function of VPL of thalamus?
Sensory from body
Funciton of VML of thalamus?
Sensory from face
Function of lateral geniculate nucleus of thalamus?
Function of medial geniculate nucleus of thalamus?
Function of ventral lateral nucleus of thalamus?
Mesocortical DA Pathway
Mesolimbic DA pathway