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Flashcards in Congenital Heart Defects Deck (29):
1

What condition is associated with transposition of great vessels?

Maternal diabetes

2

Cause of transposition of great vessels?

Failure of aorticopulmonary septum to spiral

3

What determines prognosis in teratology of fallot?

Pulmonary stenosis

4

CXR findings of teratology of fallot?

Boot shaped - RVH

5

What do kids with teratology of fallot do to feel better?

Squat - increases afterload and sends more blood to lungs

6

What congenital heart defect can lithium exposure cause?

Ebstein anomaly

7

What congenital defect is FAS associated with?

VSD

8

What determines prognosis in VSD?

FAS

9

Murmur with VSD?

Holosystolic, harsh murmur

10

Heart sounds with ASD?

Loud S1
Wide fixed split S2

11

What defects are most common in ASD?

Ostium secunudum

12

What is ASD associated with?

Down Syndrome

13

Murmur with PDA?

machine-like murmur

14

PDx findings in PDA?

Late cyanosis in lower extremeties (differential cyanosis)

15

PDA associated with...?

Congenital rubella

16

Which aortic arch derivative is PDA?

6th

17

Uncorrected L to R shunts lead to?

Eisenmenger Syndrome

18

Coarctation of the aorta is associated with...?

Turner Syndrome

19

PDx of coarcation?

HTN in UE, weak pulses in LE

20

CXR of coarcation?

Notched ribs

21

Alcohol exposure in utero

VSD, PDA, ASD, teratology of Fallot

22

Congenital Rubella

PDA, pulmonary artery stenosis, septal defects

23

Down Syndrome

AV septal efect (endocardial cushion defect), VSD, ASD

24

Infant of diabetic mother

Transposition of great vessels

25

Marfan Syndrome

MVP, thoracic aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, aortic regurgitation

26

Prenatal Lithium exposure

Ebstein anomaly

27

Turner Syndrome

Bicuspid aortic valve, coarctation of aorta

28

Williams Syndrome

Supravalvular aortic stenosis

29

DiGeorge Syndrome

Truncus arteriosus, teratology of Fallot