Egyptian time period
3200 - 341 BC
Hieroglypics "Sacred Carving"
A system of writing by ancient Egyptians using pictures or symbols to represent words or thoughts;
Cartouche Hieroglyphics were used to form an oval plaque representing the birth name of pharaohs, queens and other persons of high standing.
Characteristics of Egyptian Art
- Face, feet, legs in profile.
- Shoulders, one eye in frontal view.
- Lacks perspective.
- Men in brown, women in yellow.
- Hieratic scale.
- Many mural paintings.
Egyptian building materials
- Granite, sandstone, limestone, diarite
- Not much wood, so not much wood furniture
- Wood reserved for pharaohs and wealthy because it needed to be imported.
Mythical monster with the body of a lion and head of another animal, diety, or human.
- Composed of columns and lintels.
- Most common Egyptian construction technique.
- Posts can't span far.
The lowest member of the three principal divisions of a classical entablature; also a molding used to surround a door or window opening.
The block that forms the uppermost member of the capital of a column and divides the capital from the entablature.
Capital, Shaft, base of column
Stems gathered, later became fluting.
Papyriform Column (could be open or closed capital)
Tombs for the upper class, which eventually evolved into pyramids.
- Located close to the Nile so bodies may be transported to them.
- Dedicated to one or more Gods or Goddesses
- Public not allowed inside
- Priests maintained and performed daily rituals
Area of the temple that housed the statue.
An Egyptian building or hall constructed by rows of columns to support a roof or ceiling. Allows for the construction of larger spaces, esp. temples.
A monumental gateway shaped like a truncated pyramid flanking the entrance to an ancient Egyptian temple.
A pair of towers with slanting walls that flank the entrance portal.
A room, building, or plan that is longitudinal along an axis or a layout that is symmetrical about an axis.
Egyptian town planning
- Segregated classes.
- Planning took into consideration hot, dry, stagnant climate.
Egyptian Row houses
- Flat roof
- Built to stay cool (few windows)
- Made out of mud brick
- Additional living space on top of the roof allowed people to sleep outside with the breeze
- Few windows, places high to avoid theft
- Very little furniture
- Cooking done outside for heat
Windows or openings placed in the upper
part of wall or in the highest story, especially above a roof, located to bring light into the central area of a building. Same as clere-story, clearstory, or clear-story.
A porch or gallery with an open colonnade on one or more sides.
A three-part plan designed
in a linear arrangement
that moves from public
to private, generally
composed of an entryway,
hypostyle hall, and
sanctuary or living
quarters, often seen in
buildings of Ancient Egypt.
Reception room, central hall/living, private area.
Types of wood imported for furniture
Folding stools and fixed stools
Folding stools used mostly by men
Would have had stretched linen or leather over the seat
King Tut's fixed stool
- Double cove seat
- Directional Lion feet
- Lion paw stands on a drum