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Flashcards in Egypt Deck (48)
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1

Egyptian time period

3200 - 341 BC

2

Hieroglypics "Sacred Carving"

A system of writing by ancient Egyptians using pictures or symbols to represent words or thoughts;

3

Cartouche

Cartouche Hieroglyphics were used to form an oval plaque representing the birth name of pharaohs, queens and other persons of high standing.

4

Characteristics of Egyptian Art

- Face, feet, legs in profile.
- Shoulders, one eye in frontal view.
- Lacks perspective.

- Men in brown, women in yellow.
- Hieratic scale.
- Many mural paintings.

5

Lotus Motif

6

Papyrus

7

Egyptian building materials

- Granite, sandstone, limestone, diarite
- Not much wood, so not much wood furniture
- Wood reserved for pharaohs and wealthy because it needed to be imported.

8

Sphynx

Mythical monster with the body of a lion and head of another animal, diety, or human.

9

Trabeated Construction

- Composed of columns and lintels.
- Most common Egyptian construction technique.
- Posts can't span far.

10

Architrave

The lowest member of the three principal divisions of a classical entablature; also a molding used to surround a door or window opening.

11

Abacus

The block that forms the uppermost member of the capital of a column and divides the capital from the entablature.

12

Capital, Shaft, base of column

13

Palmiform capital

14

Lotiform column

Stems gathered, later became fluting.

15

Papyriform Column (could be open or closed capital)

16

Mastaba Tombs

Tombs for the upper class, which eventually evolved into pyramids.

17

Pyramids

- Tombs
- Located close to the Nile so bodies may be transported to them.

18

Egyptian Temples

- Dedicated to one or more Gods or Goddesses
- Public not allowed inside
- Priests maintained and performed daily rituals

19

Naos

Area of the temple that housed the statue.

20

Hypostyle Construction

An Egyptian building or hall constructed by rows of columns to support a roof or ceiling. Allows for the construction of larger spaces, esp. temples.

21

Pylon

A monumental gateway shaped like a truncated pyramid flanking the entrance to an ancient Egyptian temple.

A pair of towers with slanting walls that flank the entrance portal.

22

Axial Plan

A room, building, or plan that is longitudinal along an axis or a layout that is symmetrical about an axis.

23

Egyptian town planning

- Segregated classes.
- Planning took into consideration hot, dry, stagnant climate.

24

Egyptian Row houses

- Flat roof
- Built to stay cool (few windows)
- Made out of mud brick
- Additional living space on top of the roof allowed people to sleep outside with the breeze
- Few windows, places high to avoid theft
- Very little furniture
- Cooking done outside for heat
- Loggia

25

Clerestory

Windows or openings placed in the upper
part of wall or in the highest story, especially above a roof, located to bring light into the central area of a building. Same as clere-story, clearstory, or clear-story.

26

Loggia

A porch or gallery with an open colonnade on one or more sides.

27

Tripartite plan

A three-part plan designed
in a linear arrangement
that moves from public
to private, generally
composed of an entryway,
hypostyle hall, and
sanctuary or living
quarters, often seen in
buildings of Ancient Egypt.

Reception room, central hall/living, private area.

28

Types of wood imported for furniture

Sycamore
Palm
Ebony
Cedar

29

Folding stools and fixed stools

Folding stools used mostly by men

Would have had stretched linen or leather over the seat

30

King Tut's fixed stool

- Double cove seat
- Directional Lion feet
- Lion paw stands on a drum