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Furnishings: Prehistoric to English > Roman > Flashcards

Flashcards in Roman Deck (36)
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1

Voussoirs

A wedge-shaped block used to construct an arch. The central vousoir
is called a keystone.

2

Keystone

keystone
The wedge-shaped or topmost
central stone of an arch.

3

Springer

The lowest voussoir on each side of an arch. 

4

Impost

a projecting block resting on top of a column or embedded in a wall, serving as the base for the springer

5

Roman inventions

Concrete, arches, domes, aquaducts

6

Oculus

A circular opening found in the top of a
dome or a round window.

7

Coffered

A ceiling or suspended grid with
recessed geometric panels developed
in the Italian Renaissance.

8

The Pantheon

- Dome
- Coffered ceiling
- Slanted floor, water goes to cistern

9

Insula

Roman apartment building

- up to 16 apartment buildings per block
- retail lowest level
- three to four stories
- quality worsened as they got higher
- top apartments may not have had running water

courtyard

10

Pompeii

- South of Naples
- Mt. Vesuvius in background
- Summer retreat for wealthy
- In 79 AD, was vibrant town. Volcano erupted and burried town in 25 feet of lava.

11

Peristyle

A columned porch or open colonnade surrounding a court that may have an internal garden.

- Helps bring light into the plan
- Outdoor dining and bedrooms around the peristyle

#2

 

12

Vestibulum

Covered area directly adjacent to the street, which enters into the main space.

Floor may have mosaics

#3

13

Fauces

The narrow passage from the atrium of a Roman house to
the street.

- lowered ceiling

#4

14

Atrium

In a Roman house, the principal room or courtyard; later it became
the forecourt of a Christian basilica, and today it is an open space in a
building or building complex.

- natural light
- welcoming area

#1

15

Compluvium

A roof opening in a Roman residence above the
atrium through which rainwater could fall into
the cistern located under the floor, referred to
as the impluvium.

16

Impluvium

A basin or pool in the ancient Roman
house used to collect water from the roof
by means of the compluvium.

17

Lararium

A room within a Roman home reserved for worship of household gods.

18

Ala

Small rooms or recesses opening off the atrium in the ancient Roman
house.

#6

 

19

Tablinum

In an ancient Roman house, a room opposite the entrance, off of the atrium, serving as an office and for storing genealogy and other important records.

#8

20

Cubiculum

A Roman bedroom or room for sleeping in a Roman house.

Usually divided by curtains - spaces for an attendant, dressing, sleeping

Located around the atrium

21

Lectus

A Roman bed or reclining sofa designed for
sleeping and dining.

22

Triclinia

Contains three couches (lectus) in a u-shaped formation for dining

#7 for indoor (off atrium), #9 for outdoor

23

Dado

Chair rail

24

Frescoes that trick the eye

Trompe l'oeil

25

Main field

Section of interior wall between dado and the frieze

26

Tesserae

Small pieces (tesserae) of glass, stone, marble, or tile set in mortar to form a pattern or design (mosaic).

27

Difference between Greek and Roman furniture

Roman furniture lacks delicate quality and attention to proportions

28

- As a seat of honor and a symbol of legal authority the stool was used by high magistrates or by the emperor.

- Romans felt the person seated has a higher status than the person standing beside him.

Cove seat like egyptian, but no inlay

29

Roman stool with double reverse curve

30

Trestle table

A table supported by two
or more trestles and a long
horizontal stretcher, popular
throughout history, especially in
ancient Rome, the Middle Ages,
the Renaissance, and Colonial
America.