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1

Baluster

One of a number of short vertical posts or
columns supporting a stair’s handrail, often
turned in a vase-like shape.

 

2

Balustrade

A row of balusters topped by a rail,
serving as a low parapet or barrier.

3

Fundamentals of French Renaissance

Love of Romance

Love of Order

4

French Renaissance

Transitional period. Influenced by Gothic structural forms and Italian Renaissance architectural detail and ornament.

Started 84 years after Italian Renaissance started.

5

Reign of Louis XIII

- Son of Henry IV

- Was young when gained throne, so his mother (Medici) ruled

- Louis XIII married Mary Tudor (English)

French Renaissance

6

Francis I

French Renaissance starts with reign of Francis I.

- wanted France to be known for the arts

7

Chateau Chenonceau

- Designed for defense

- Finance minister and wife die, gave chateau to son, who also inherited debt. In order to nullify debt, he gives chateau to Francis I.

French Renaissance

8

Chateau de Chambord

- the chateau that Francis I was building when he seized Chenonceau

- Country castle used as a hunting lodge

- poorly heated

- needed full staff to maintain

- lots of chimneys

Mote, walled enclosure, and circular towers for the keep - Gothic influences

French Renaissance

9

Salamander represents Francis I on Chateau de Chambord

French Renaissance

10

Floorplan of Chateau de Chambord

French Renaissance

11

Double staircase at Chateau de Chambord

French Renaissance

12

French Furniture

- Lightweight, but influenced by Gothic such as tracery

- Placement against wall

- Carved detailing

13

Caquetoire chair

- Typical French Renaissance conversation chair

- wide seat alows pivoting while sitting so you could chat in either direction.

- curved arm

- tall back reminiscent of Gothic.

- Perimeter stretcher

- Bun feet

French Renaissance

14

Bun foot

A foot that resembles a flattened ball or bun, commonly seen on furniture of the late 17th century.

15

High-back chair

- Rectilinear

- Box-like

- Shows perspective carvings (where Gothic would have shown more tracery)

French Renaissance

16

Dressoir

French for dresser. Originally a 16th-century cabinet with a closed cupboard designed to hold dishes.

17

Mantel was the most decorative feature in the room. The designs were inspired by antiquity (not proportion).

French Renaissance

18

Palace of Fontainebleau

La Galerie Francois

- incorporates Italian painting

French Renaissance

19

Middle French Renaissance

Middle Renaissance

Sons of Francis I: Henri II, Francis II, Charles IX, Henri III

Gradual elimination of Gothic forms, greater use of Renaissance and Italian detail. Catherine de'Medici dominates the kingdom.

20

Kid kings of France

Francis II
Was king while young. Very sick kid. Ruled for a year.

Charles IX
10 years old while on throne.

Mom Catherine rules region until kids become old enough.

21

Chateau de Chenonceau

Henry III inherrits Chenonceau, inherited by his wife Louise de Lorraine. She was depressed and painted everything black.

22

French Renaissance interiors

- updating Gothic

- ceilings were beamed with coffers

French Renaissance

23

High-backed chair

- opened up arms

- downturning arms ending with ram head

- balluster arm support

- carving

- lighter in form than gothic

- downturning finials by front legs

French Renaissance

24

- Continuous stretcher

- Down-turning arm ending in ram's head

- continuous stretcher

- columns for legs (rebirth of antiquity)

- bun feet

25

Romayne medallion

Common on chair backs

French renaissance

26

Armoire a deux corpse

- Front and sides are recessed

- Upper body is surmounted by pediment

- use of columns

- bun feet

- made in two peices so it is easier to make and transport

- often walnut

- lower half is larger than top

- stored clothing

French renaissance

27

French Renaissance bedroom

- beamed ceiling

- painted/stenciled wall

- bed on a dais

- fireplace

- little furniture

- tile floor

28

Royal bedroom at Chenonceau

- coffered ceiling

- gold thread upholstery

29

Festoon

A carved, molded, or painted ornamental
garland of flowers, fruit, or foliage, often
bound by ribbons, commonly seen in the
Baroque and Neoclassic periods. Also a
soft, curved window treatment
introduced in the 18th century.

30

Henry IV

- Was protestant, converted to catholocism so he could rule France

- married to a Medici

- felt that people with conflicting beliefs could work together

- created the Edict of Nantes which created religious tolerance in France