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Flashcards in Italian Renaissance Deck (56)
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1

Bifora

Mullioned window with two "lights"

2

Early Renaissance (date)

1400-1500

3

High Renaissance (date)

1500-1520

4

Late Renaissance (date)

1520-1600

5

Arno river

- enabled trade

- WWII destroyed most bridges except Ponte Vecchio

6

inspiration of Renaissance

based on classical inspiration, but developed into extreme asthetic originality

7

values during time

Class distinctions of the Middle Ages faded and were replaced by individualism.

Intelligence (regardless of class) had the opportunity to gain power

8

Proportion

Most important factor taken from antiquity. Everything was measured in human scale.

9

Art

- supported by patrons of the arts (instead of churches)

- this allowed artists less stress and more time to create art

10

Inventions

- Gun powder

- printing press

- origins of modern science

- perspective (in art)

- Brunelleschi was inventor and first to apply perspective

11

Leonardo da Vinci

- military inventions

- painting, engineering, architecture

12

Michelangelo

- Sistine chapel ceiling

- David sculpture

13

Raphael

- Madonna in the Meadow

14

Filippo Brunelleschi

- considered father of renaissance

- trained as goldsmith and sculptor

- father as perspecitve

- created duomo

15

Duomo

- Eight dome ribs are repeated on the lantern in the form of fluing buttresses

- Architect Filippo Brunelleschi

- one of the Earliest Renaissance constructions

16

Characteristics of architecture

- Symmetry

- Proportions

- Simple and geometric with many circles and squares

- Use of classical orders and round arches

17

Palazzo

Palace

18

Palazzo Medici

- headquarters for the Medici Bank and home for Cosimo il Vecchio

- over 70' high

- divided into three levels by string courses

- Bifora windows

19

Piano Nobile

Italian term for the main floor, which is the second floor of
the building, usually containing the main apartments;

Second piano nobile is next up

20

Cartouche

A French term for a sculpted ornamental panel or tablet usually of oval shape with the edges curled; the tablet is sometimes carved with arms with initials or an inscription.

21

Palazzo Strozzi

belonged to Strozzi family - banking family, rival of Medici

22

Palazzo Rucellai

- Designed by Leone Alberti

- utilizes Pilasters

23

Pilaster

A representation of one of the
architectural orders, yet rectangular and
flattened against a surface to appear as
a visual support; usually projects a third
of its width.

24

Palazzo Pitti

On other side of Arno river from Medici palazzo.

Wanted to show up the Medici, however Pitti ran out of money and was bought by Medici.

25

Palazzo Pitti

trompe l'oeil

26

Villa Rotunda

Andrea Palladio

- Example of smaller palaces and villas typical of time, built for wealthy, which were more modest than in-town homes.

27

Andrea Palladio

- Studied architecture of ancient romans

- began to integrate concepts from studies into work

- created pattern books

 

28

gadroon


A short, oval or egg-shaped form applied around the edges or rim of furniture, silver, or glass and commonly seen on the bulbous legs and supports of Elizabethan and Jacobean furniture. The term is derived from the French word gadron. Also called lobed decoration or thumb molding.

29

Furniture of Italian Renaissance

- often Walnut

- placed against side of wall

- no longer class-based

30

Sgabello

- dining chair but also used for sewing and other functions

- geometric seat

- narrow

- inverted triangle back

- armless so that large skirts could fit

- drawer used for sewing utilities and yarn