Greek pattern: Anthemion
Egg and dart moulding
Fret and anthem mouldings
A series of shallow, parallel, and concave channels found on the shaft of columns and pilasters, particularly in the architectural styles of Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite. Also commonly used to ornament furniture legs and friezes. Occasionally seen in a spiral formation.
A large central hall with a rectangular plan fronted by a columned porch found in Mycenaean palaces.
A covered entry porch that
is supported by columns
forming the entrance or
center to a façade.
A small circular building lined with columns, sometimes in place of the walls.
- diverse geography and climate
- half land and half sea: lots of coastline
- cole winter, dry/hot summer
- desired perfection in all things
- valued independent thought
- believed in freedom to act, speak, and think
- emphasized beauty by line, form, and proportion
- not as concerned with color or surface
Four greek motif themes:
What is the difference between Egyptian and Greek surface decoration?
Greeks use relief
Sturdy, heavy, masculine, vigor
In a Doric frieze, a rectangular block with three vertical grooves that fills the space between two metopes.
The flat recessed slabs between triglyphs of a classical Doric frieze, commonly decorated with sculpted reliefwork.
In architecture, the middle part of a classical entablature, located between the architrave and the cornice.
Both doric and ionic
The triangular space formed by the raking cornices of a gable roof and the horizontal cornice above the entablature. Also used as a decorative element over windows, doors, and furniture.
A spiral, scroll-like form used extensively
in classical capitals of the Ionic, Corinthian,
and Composite orders.
light, elaborate, dignity
delicate, grace, light, rich
acanthus leaves and four volutes
- made out of abundant marble
- built to worship Gods/Goddesses
- utilized color
Naos / Cella
In classical architecture, the inner chamber of a temple.
Plan of the Acropolis
- dedicated to the Goddess Athena
- Ictinus & Callicrates
- made of white marble
- designed to account for optical illusions
Started out as a temple, then later became a Christian church, and ammunition storage facility, and a Turkish Mosque.
The Greek refinement of augmenting a column shaft with
an outward curve to counter the optical illusion that it
appears to curve inward.