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Flashcards in Greek Deck (45)
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1

Greek pattern: Anthemion
Honeysuckle motif

2

Bead-and-Reel moulding

3

Egg and dart moulding

4

Greek fret
Greek key
Meander

5

Greek Guilloche
Double Guilloche

6

Fret and anthem mouldings

7

Fluting

A series of shallow, parallel, and concave channels found on the shaft of columns and pilasters, particularly in the architectural styles of Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite. Also commonly used to ornament furniture legs and friezes. Occasionally seen in a spiral formation.

8

Megaron

A large central hall with a rectangular plan fronted by a columned porch found in Mycenaean palaces.

9

Portico

A covered entry porch that
is supported by columns
forming the entrance or
center to a façade.

10

Tholos

A small circular building lined with columns, sometimes in place of the walls.

11

Greece

- diverse geography and climate
- half land and half sea: lots of coastline
- cole winter, dry/hot summer

12

Greek people

- desired perfection in all things
- valued independent thought
- believed in freedom to act, speak, and think

13

Greek design

- emphasized beauty by line, form, and proportion
- not as concerned with color or surface

14

Four greek motif themes:

- geometric
- natural
- animal
- architectural

15

Dentil moulding

16

What is the difference between Egyptian and Greek surface decoration?

Egyptians incize 
Greeks use relief

17

DORIC ORDER

Sturdy, heavy, masculine, vigor

18

triglyph

In a Doric frieze, a rectangular block with three vertical grooves that fills the space between two metopes.

19

Metope

The flat recessed slabs between triglyphs of a classical Doric frieze, commonly decorated with sculpted reliefwork.

20

Frieze

In architecture, the middle part of a classical entablature, located between the architrave and the cornice.

Both doric and ionic

21

triangular pediment

The triangular space formed by the raking cornices of a gable roof and the horizontal cornice above the entablature. Also used as a decorative element over windows, doors, and furniture.

22

volute

A spiral, scroll-like form used extensively
in classical capitals of the Ionic, Corinthian,
and Composite orders.

23

Ionic

light, elaborate, dignity

24

Corinthian

delicate, grace, light, rich
acanthus leaves and four volutes

 

25

Greek temple

- made out of abundant marble
- built to worship Gods/Goddesses
- utilized color

26

Naos / Cella

In classical architecture, the inner chamber of a temple.

27

Plan of the Acropolis

28

Acropolis

29

The Parthenon

- dedicated to the Goddess Athena
- Ictinus & Callicrates
- made of white marble
- designed to account for optical illusions

Started out as a temple, then later became a Christian church, and ammunition storage facility, and a Turkish Mosque.

30

Entasis

The Greek refinement of augmenting a column shaft with
an outward curve to counter the optical illusion that it
appears to curve inward.