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Flashcards in Emergency Deck (31):
1

A rapid classification of urgency.

Triage

2

What do we assess first?

Gumshoe pulse, respiration, attitude

3

Triage priority list.

Respiratory, cardio, neurological, urogenital, abdominal, musculoskeletal

4

What are the top three vital signs?

TPR, mm, weight

5

What are the fourth and fifth vital sign?

Bp, pain level

6

Baseline lab work.

Pcv, tp, bg, urine s.g

7

How can we stabilize patients?

Ensure airway, IV catheter, maintain body temp, pain management

8

What causes respiratory arrest?

Shock, overdose, structural disorders, foreign bodies, head injury

9

How do we treat respiratory arrest?

Intubate, artificially respirate, stop anesthetic, stimulate, clear obstruction

10

What is the time limit for cardiac arrest?

Four minutes

11

What are the warning signs of cardiac arrest?

ECG change, cyanosis, pulse change, dark blood

12

Decreased blood volume.

Hypocolemic shock

13

Allergic reaction

Anaphylactic shock

14

Unable to pump blood.

Carcinogenic shock

15

Overwhelming infection.

Septic shock

16

What causes allergic reactions?

Vaccine, insect, food

17

Free air in the chest.

Pneumothorax

18

Blood in the chest cavity.

Hemothorax

19

A tear in the diaphram.

Diaphragmatic hernia

20

General steps to threat Thorax.

Maintain airway, treat shock, oxygen

21

Trauma with buggy eyed dogs cause eye to pop out.

Protose globe

22

How do you cool a heat stroke patient down?

Towels wet with cool water, fans, alcohol on pads and belly

23

What can heat stroke cause?

Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy

24

Where does frost bite most commonly affect?

Tail, genetalia, ears, paws

25

Uncontrollable muscle spasms?

Seizures

26

Phases of a seizure?

Precital, ictus, postictal

27

What causes urethral obstruction?

Stones, crystals, tumor, prostate disease

28

Pus in the uterus.

Pyometra

29

Clots in the saddle of the aorta.

Saddle thrombus

30

If choking...

Turn pet upside down and thrust abdomen

31

First and foremost.

Stay calm