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Flashcards in Whelping Deck (34):
1

Within the ovary where the egg is released.

Follicle

2

Replaces the follicle at the time of ovulation.

Corpus luteum

3

Two hormones that stimulate ovulation.

LH, FSH

4

Hormone secreted by the ovary.

Estrogen

5

Hormone secreted by corpus luteum t ovulation to maintain a pregnancy.

Progesterone

6

Four stages of estrus.

Anestrus, pro estrus, estrus, diestrus

7

Signs of anestrus.

No vaginal discharge or vulva swelling, low progesterone

8

Signs of pro estrus.

Blood discharge, male attraction, rising progesterone

9

Signs of estrus.

Discharge, vulvular swelling, increase of progesterone

10

When does conception occur?

First 4 days of estrus

11

Signs of diestrus.

Refusal of breeding, some discharge

12

How log is gestation?

63-65 days

13

Signs of a pseudo pregnancy?

Nesting, enlarged mammary glands, mothering objects

14

When does puberty occur?

5-9 months but later in large breeds

15

What should we consider before breeding?

Genetically makeup, vaccinations, temperament, brucellosis test,

16

Disease causing abortion and fetal loss.

Brucellosis

17

When can we ultrasound to confirm pregnancy?

18 days before whelp

18

What are no nos of breeding?

Don't breed after four years old, breed once yearly or every other heat cycle, ont breed first heat

19

What are the stages of parturition?

Nesting, delivery/expel placenta, whelming

20

What happens during the nesting stage?

Temperature drop, restlessness, milky vaginal discharge

21

What happens during delivery stage?

Whelping, pushing, contractions, water breaks

22

Reproductive egg

Ova

23

What does the mother do after whelping?

Nurse pups, chew off umbilical cord, lick surrounding fluids and mucous

24

What do we need to prepare for our whelping?

Nesting box, whelp box, puppy pads, bulb syringes, dopram, suture material, iodine, nail polish, towels, scale

25

How do humans handle pups?

Manually suck out mucous, rub vigorously, cut and suture umbilical, stimulate bowels

26

What are possible causes of dystocia?

Pelvis shape, stricture, dead fetus

27

What are signs of dystocia?

More than two hours between pups, uneventful contractions, foul smelling discharge Or green discharge before first pup

28

Milk fever.

Eclampsia

29

What is milk fever?

Low calcium (blood) level due to milk going to fetus

30

Inflammation of mammary glands?

Mastitis

31

How long is feline gestation?

63-65 days

32

At what point can we confirm feline pregnancy via ultrasound?

15 days before whelp

33

How long after breeding do cats ovulate?

24 hours after breeding

34

How long after whelping can cats go into heat?

7-10 days after