Specialty Diets Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Specialty Diets Deck (18):
1

Main protein source of hypoallergenic foods.

Fish, duck, venison

2

Carbohydrate sources from hypoallergenic foods.

Oats, potatoes

3

Characteristics of obesity control diets.

Decrease fat and energy, increase fiber, increase carnitine, measurable amounts.

4

Characteristics of food for enteritis.

Easily digestible and bland

5

Characteristics of kidney control diets.

Decreased protein, decreased phosphorus, decreased sodium, helps slow kidney disease

6

What should you avoid in kidney disease cases?

Protein, phosphorus, sodium

7

What should you avoid with liver disease?

Protein and sodium

8

Characteristics of heart disease diets.

Decreased sodium and chloride, protein, phosphorus

9

Characteristics of diabetic diets.

High protein, low carbs, has the ability to reduce insulin requirements

10

Examples of other specialty diets.

Hairball control, oral care, active diets, skin diets

11

What factors affect urinary stone development?

Water intake, mineral content, pH of diet

12

What pH does not allow struvite crystals to form?

13

No diets will dissolve which type of urolith?

Calcium oxalate

14

How long can diets be fed that are designed to dissolve crystals?

No more than six months

15

Body uses available _____ first.

Glucose

16

Starvation risks:

Immunosuppression, infection, surgical complication, hormonal imbalance

17

How can you treat malnourishment?

Force feeding, tube feeding

18

Characteristics of sensitive stomach diets.

Easily digestible ingredients