Flashcards in Fluids Deck (36):
Moves freely in IV spaces.
Attracts fluids into the IV spaces.
Decrease in pH due to vomiting.
Increase in pH due to acute vomiting.
Abnormal decease in blood volume.
Fluid in the plural spaces.
Fluid in the lungs.
Fluid in the abdomen
Five fluid solutions used.
Crystalloids, colloids, blood products, intravenous nutrition, hemaglobin based O2 carrying solution
First choice of fluid used for dehydration.
Four types of crystalloid fluids.
Replacement, maintenance, hypertonic, dextrose in water
Rapid replacement and electrolyte replacement crystalloid fluid.
Crystalloid fluid used to replace electrolytes.
Maintence crystalloid fluids
Crystalloid fluid used to rapidly replace IV volume.
Hypertonic crystalloid fluid
Used commonly to infuse medication.
Dextrose in water
Fluid type used to treat shock and various types of inflammatory diseases.
Examples of colloidal fluids.
Plasma, hetastarch, dextrans
Currently unavailable in the U.S.
Most common fluid additive.
Fluid addictive used to treat acidosis.
Fluid additive used to treat hypercalcemia.
Rapidly leaves IV space to replace fluid deficit in extra cellular spaces.
What is the purpose of fluid therapy?
Prevent excessive fluid loss, save lives, replenish fluids
How does an animal get fluids?
Drinking, fluids in food, metabolic water
How can an animal loose fluids?
Urine, fecal water, sweat, respiration, vomiting or diarrhea
How can you test for determining fluid defecite.
Skin elasticity, mucous membranes, CRT, eyes
What percentage of fluid loss is considered shock or death.
greater than 12%
Categories of fluid loss.
Maintainence fluid loss, ongoing, replacement
What rate does a fluid pump run at?
Drops per ml
Signs of fluid therapy working?
Increased alertness, improved CRT and mucous color, decreased skin tent
Signs of over hydration?
Restlessness, nasal discharge, increased body weight, increased lung sounds and tachycardia
What causes ongoing loss?
Vomiting, diarrhea, respiration, fever, hemmoraghe
Measurable forms of fluid loss. (Vomiting)
Sensible fluid loss.