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Flashcards in Fluids Deck (36):
1

Moves freely in IV spaces.

Isotonic

2

Attracts fluids into the IV spaces.

Hypertonic

3

Decrease in pH due to vomiting.

Acidosis

4

Increase in pH due to acute vomiting.

Alkalinosis

5

Abnormal decease in blood volume.

Hypovolemia

6

Fluid in the plural spaces.

Pleural effusion

7

Fluid in the lungs.

Pleural edema

8

Fluid in the abdomen

Ascites

9

Five fluid solutions used.

Crystalloids, colloids, blood products, intravenous nutrition, hemaglobin based O2 carrying solution

10

First choice of fluid used for dehydration.

Crystalloid

11

Four types of crystalloid fluids.

Replacement, maintenance, hypertonic, dextrose in water

12

Rapid replacement and electrolyte replacement crystalloid fluid.

Replacement fluid

13

Crystalloid fluid used to replace electrolytes.

Maintence crystalloid fluids

14

Crystalloid fluid used to rapidly replace IV volume.

Hypertonic crystalloid fluid

15

Used commonly to infuse medication.

Dextrose in water

16

Fluid type used to treat shock and various types of inflammatory diseases.

Colloidal Fluids

17

Examples of colloidal fluids.

Plasma, hetastarch, dextrans

18

Currently unavailable in the U.S.

Oxyglobin

19

Most common fluid additive.

Potassium chloride

20

Fluid addictive used to treat acidosis.

Sodium bicarbonate

21

Fluid additive used to treat hypercalcemia.

Calcium gluconate

22

Rapidly leaves IV space to replace fluid deficit in extra cellular spaces.

Hypotonic

23

Fluid therapy

Fluid therapy

24

What is the purpose of fluid therapy?

Prevent excessive fluid loss, save lives, replenish fluids

25

How does an animal get fluids?

Drinking, fluids in food, metabolic water

26

How can an animal loose fluids?

Urine, fecal water, sweat, respiration, vomiting or diarrhea

27

How can you test for determining fluid defecite.

Skin elasticity, mucous membranes, CRT, eyes

28

What percentage of fluid loss is considered shock or death.

greater than 12%

29

Categories of fluid loss.

Maintainence fluid loss, ongoing, replacement

30

What rate does a fluid pump run at?

Ml/hr

31

Drops per ml

Ggt

32

Signs of fluid therapy working?

Increased alertness, improved CRT and mucous color, decreased skin tent

33

Signs of over hydration?

Restlessness, nasal discharge, increased body weight, increased lung sounds and tachycardia

34

What causes ongoing loss?

Vomiting, diarrhea, respiration, fever, hemmoraghe

35

Measurable forms of fluid loss. (Vomiting)

Sensible fluid loss.

36

Unmeasurable fluid loss. (Feces, perspiration)

Insensible fluid loss.