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Flashcards in Physical Exam Deck (54):
1

Each system is examined in its entirety before moving on.

Systems exam

2

All systems are examined but many systems may be evaluated simultaneously.

Head to tail exam

3

What scenes are used during examination?

Sight, smell, sound, touch

4

What details do we focus on?

Size, shape, color, consistency, location, appearance, rate, volume

5

What data can you get on the way to the exam room?

Gait, weight, behavior, temperament, appearance of skin (zoonotic disease)

6

Why is weight important?

Metabolic disorder monitoring, drug dosing,

7

What is the starting point for every exam?

TPR

8

What if oral mm aren't able to be viewed?

Find a different conjunctiva

9

What ways can you stop a cat from purring to get heart rate?

Running water, alcohol or palpate a pulse

10

The time period of pulse where the left ventricle is contracting?

Systole

11

The time period of heart rate where the heart is relaxing.

Diastole

12

Normal heart sound?

Lub dub

13

What does a murmur sound like?

Swishing

14

What can cause a murmur?

Defective valve, narrowed blood vessel, defective wall

15

Three types of heart murmurs?

Systolic, diastolic, washing machine

16

Heart rate influxes when an animal breathes.

Sinus arrhythmia

17

What is a normal sound of lungs?

Rustling leaves

18

Abnormal lung sounds?

Wheezing, cracking, whistles, pops, clicks

19

What if a cat is panting?

Report immediately to the doctor!

20

Perform a complete and efficient physical exam with....

Proper documentation

21

Advanced

Physical exam

22

What do you analyze about lumps?

Size, location, both sides, discharge, pain

23

What do you analyze about eyes?

Discharge, eyelids (entropian, cherry eye) conjunctiva and sclera, cornea, iris, lens, reflexes (PLR)

24

What do you analyze about coat?

External parasites, debris, redness, wounds, flakes, missing patches of hair

25

What is an entropian?

Eyelid is rolled in

26

What are indications of entropian?

Discharge, blue and hazy cornea, swelling, eyelid rolled in

27

What is an ectropian?

Droopy eyelid

28

What are some issues with ectropians?

Discharge, debris

29

What is a cherry eye?

Prolapse of the tear gland of the third eyelid

30

What do we test for with pupillary light reflex?

Neurological function of the cranial nerves during head trauma or neurological disease

31

What response should come when we perform pupillary light reflex?

Both pupils restrict at the same speed

32

What does a Schirmer tear test test for?

Dry eye

33

What does flourescein dye test test for?

Ulcerations

34

How do you check the third eyelid?

Proparicaine and pull eye lid forward

35

What does ocular tonometery test for?

Glaucoma

36

What result from tonometery indicates glaucoma?

Over 25 Hg

37

Where is a complete eye exam done?

Dark room

38

What indications come with cataracts?

Can't see through the eye (opacity of the lens)

39

An eye change that is known in geriatrics.

Nuclear sclerosis

40

What do we analyze about ears?

The pinna, discharge and debris, response to stimuli

41

What do you analyze out their nose?

Discharge, sneezing, coughing, mucous membranes, moisture

42

What do we analyze about the mouth?

Lips, Gums, teeth, tongue, tonsil, fractured teeth, halitosis, malocclusion (under or over bite) lumps or bumps in mouth

43

What is considered normal dental alignment?

Scissors

44

What are the names of lymph nodes?

Submandibular, prescapular, popliteal, axiallary, inguinal

45

Which two nodes are only palpated if abnormal?

Axiallary, inguinal

46

What do we analyze about the trunk of an animal?

Skin turgor, integumentary and muscular system

47

What is the ideal body score?

3/5

48

What are characteristics of a fit animal?

Has a waist, can easily palpate ribs, have a "tuck" before the pelvis

49

Ability to view ribs or spine.

Emaciated

50

Over 20% of body weight is excess

Obese

51

What do we observe about extremities?

Gait, skin and hair, muscle mass, range of motion, toe nails, foot pads, check righting reflex

52

What do we analyze genetalia for?

Discharge, inflammation, smegma, blood, odor

53

What about perianal area do we analyze?

Hair loss, matting, inflammation, abscess

54

Why would we do rectal exam?

Prostate size, tumors, Anal glands