Flashcards in Medical Nursing Deck (33):
Most common types of Nosocomial infection.
Viral and bacteria
Most common way infections are spread.
Not washing hands
What factors go into play when infections are being spread?
Size and type of hospital, number of personnel, length of hospital stay, source of exposure, infectious agents
What causes an animal to be predisposed to infections?
Old age, debilitating disease, Long Hospital stays, immune compromised, surgical hardware and drains, vaccine status
How do we control infections in the hospital?
Sterilization of supplies, a septic treatment techniques, isolation practices, washing hands frequently, using gloves, disposing of trash properly, vaccine protocols, well housekeeping, disinfectant contact time
Important things to remember about bathing patients.
Brush the coat out first, put sterile lube in the eyes to protect against soap, put cotton balls in ears to prevent ear problems
Best way to bathe?
With a hose
How long does medicated shampoo need to be in contact with skin?
Types of nail trimmers?
White (orange handle), resco
What do you look for when trimming black nails?
Bulls eyes (target)
How are dogs ears shaped?
What do ear mites look like in otoscope?
White dots with black debris
Breeds prone to hair in ear canals.
Schnauzers, poodles, bichons, cockers, doodles
Degrees of anal glands.
4 and 8 o'clock
An infection that is from within the hospital.
Where do you measure with a stomach tube?
From mouth to stomach
Why do we pinch off the stomach tube before passing it?
To prevent aspiration
What is normal urine output?
What is the purpose of a urinary catheter?
Empty bladder if unable to, collect and sample, measure urine output
What are some complications with catheters?
Infection, inflammation, bladder or urethra trauma
What supplies do you need for a catheter?
Catheter, sterile gloves, lubricant, scrub, sterile syringe
Supplies for a Cystocentesis?
10cc syringe, 22g x 1.5 in needle
What is the purpose of an enema?
To remove fecal matter and relieve constipation
What are some dangers with giving Enemas?
Cats can vomit or can cause trauma
Supplies needed for enemas?
Gloves, lubricant, catheter or bag, warm soapy water
Patient unwilling or unable to rise.
What can cause a recumbent patient?
Spinal injury, fractured pelvis, neurological injury, Illness
Fluid pools in the lungs being laid on amusing oxygen deficiency. (Pneumonia)
How can you prevent pneumonia?
Rotating patient every 2-4 hours
Clinical signs of pneumonia?
Increased rate and depth of respiration, increased effort of respiration, abdominal breathing
Bedsores at points of pressure