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Flashcards in Medical Nursing Deck (33):
1

Most common types of Nosocomial infection.

Viral and bacteria

2

Most common way infections are spread.

Not washing hands

3

What factors go into play when infections are being spread?

Size and type of hospital, number of personnel, length of hospital stay, source of exposure, infectious agents

4

What causes an animal to be predisposed to infections?

Old age, debilitating disease, Long Hospital stays, immune compromised, surgical hardware and drains, vaccine status

5

How do we control infections in the hospital?

Sterilization of supplies, a septic treatment techniques, isolation practices, washing hands frequently, using gloves, disposing of trash properly, vaccine protocols, well housekeeping, disinfectant contact time

6

Important things to remember about bathing patients.

Brush the coat out first, put sterile lube in the eyes to protect against soap, put cotton balls in ears to prevent ear problems

7

Best way to bathe?

With a hose

8

How long does medicated shampoo need to be in contact with skin?

10 minutes

9

Types of nail trimmers?

White (orange handle), resco

10

What do you look for when trimming black nails?

Bulls eyes (target)

11

How are dogs ears shaped?

L shaped

12

What do ear mites look like in otoscope?

White dots with black debris

13

Breeds prone to hair in ear canals.

Schnauzers, poodles, bichons, cockers, doodles

14

Degrees of anal glands.

4 and 8 o'clock

15

An infection that is from within the hospital.

Nosocomial infection

16

PART TWO

Part two

17

Where do you measure with a stomach tube?

From mouth to stomach

18

Why do we pinch off the stomach tube before passing it?

To prevent aspiration

19

What is normal urine output?

1-2ml/kg/he

20

What is the purpose of a urinary catheter?

Empty bladder if unable to, collect and sample, measure urine output

21

What are some complications with catheters?

Infection, inflammation, bladder or urethra trauma

22

What supplies do you need for a catheter?

Catheter, sterile gloves, lubricant, scrub, sterile syringe

23

Supplies for a Cystocentesis?

10cc syringe, 22g x 1.5 in needle

24

What is the purpose of an enema?

To remove fecal matter and relieve constipation

25

What are some dangers with giving Enemas?

Cats can vomit or can cause trauma

26

Supplies needed for enemas?

Gloves, lubricant, catheter or bag, warm soapy water

27

Patient unwilling or unable to rise.

Recumbent

28

What can cause a recumbent patient?

Spinal injury, fractured pelvis, neurological injury, Illness

29

Fluid pools in the lungs being laid on amusing oxygen deficiency. (Pneumonia)

Hypo static

30

How can you prevent pneumonia?

Rotating patient every 2-4 hours

31

Clinical signs of pneumonia?

Increased rate and depth of respiration, increased effort of respiration, abdominal breathing

32

Bedsores at points of pressure

Decubital ulcers

33

What is a good formula for constipation?

Decreased appetite, water intake and exercise