Toxins Flashcards Preview

Small Animal Nursing Videos > Toxins > Flashcards

Flashcards in Toxins Deck (24):
1

What should clients bring to their toxin appointment?

The container of toxin

2

Questions for history.

Wha was the poison, when, how much, vomiting or diarrhea, bleeding?

3

What are the two hotlines for animal poison?

NAPCC, pet poison hotline

4

Methods of decontamination?

Emetic, gastric lavage, cathartics, activated charcoal

5

Common poisons:

Acetaminophen, warfarin, ethylene glycol, chocolate, grapes/raisins, tobacco, xylitol, plants

6

Signs of acetaminophen toxicity?

Dyspnea, salivation, tachypnea, brown mm, edema

7

Two types of rodenticides.

Anticoagulants (warfarin), bromethalin (brain swelling)

8

Signs of rodenticide toxicity?

Asymptomatic if under 48 hours, hemorrhage, pale mm, weakness, convulsions

9

Where is ethfylene glycol found?

Antifreeze, windshield deicers, paint, oils, stains

10

Toxic doses of ethylene glycol.

Cat: 1.4 ml/kg dogs: 4.4. Ml/kg

11

Which type of chocolate is worse?

Bitter

12

Signs of chocolate toxicity?

Vomiting, diarrhea, tremors, tachycardia, seizures

13

What do grapes cause?

Kidney failure

14

What does xylitol cause?

Hypoglycemia

15

What does mole/gopher bait contain?

Zinc phosphide

16

What does mole and gopher bait do?

Creates phosphate gas in the stomach

17

Where are organophosphates found?

Fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides

18

What do organophosphates cause?

SLUDGE. Salivation, lacrimation, urination, defecatiom, GI signs, emesis

19

Dangerous plants.

Lilies, oleander

20

Extremely dangerous to cats.

Lilies

21

What do lilies do to cats?

Renal failure and death

22

How fast does renal failure from lilies affect cats?

24-72 hours

23

Misc. toxins?

Moldy food, zinc, liquid potpourri, batteries

24

Do not....

Induce vomiting without doctors orders