Flashcards in Toxins Deck (24):
What should clients bring to their toxin appointment?
The container of toxin
Questions for history.
Wha was the poison, when, how much, vomiting or diarrhea, bleeding?
What are the two hotlines for animal poison?
NAPCC, pet poison hotline
Methods of decontamination?
Emetic, gastric lavage, cathartics, activated charcoal
Acetaminophen, warfarin, ethylene glycol, chocolate, grapes/raisins, tobacco, xylitol, plants
Signs of acetaminophen toxicity?
Dyspnea, salivation, tachypnea, brown mm, edema
Two types of rodenticides.
Anticoagulants (warfarin), bromethalin (brain swelling)
Signs of rodenticide toxicity?
Asymptomatic if under 48 hours, hemorrhage, pale mm, weakness, convulsions
Where is ethfylene glycol found?
Antifreeze, windshield deicers, paint, oils, stains
Toxic doses of ethylene glycol.
Cat: 1.4 ml/kg dogs: 4.4. Ml/kg
Which type of chocolate is worse?
Signs of chocolate toxicity?
Vomiting, diarrhea, tremors, tachycardia, seizures
What do grapes cause?
What does xylitol cause?
What does mole/gopher bait contain?
What does mole and gopher bait do?
Creates phosphate gas in the stomach
Where are organophosphates found?
Fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides
What do organophosphates cause?
SLUDGE. Salivation, lacrimation, urination, defecatiom, GI signs, emesis
Extremely dangerous to cats.
What do lilies do to cats?
Renal failure and death
How fast does renal failure from lilies affect cats?
Moldy food, zinc, liquid potpourri, batteries