Flashcards in ENT Emergencies Deck (106)
What is the primary concern in facial, head, or neck trauma?
Avoid ________ tracheal intubation
Besides epistaxis, what is the best way to control hemorrhage control?
What is the significance of CSF rhinorrhea?
Direct communication with the CNS due to disruption of the bony barrier and a tear in the dura
How do you distinguish nasal discharge from CSF?
Look for "halo" sign
Septal Hematomas in Adults Occur From?
Septal Hematomas in Children Occur From?
Treatment of Septal Hematomas
Drain & pack
Which antibiotic do you use for the treatment of a septal hematoma?
If abscess- Clindamycin & admit
What condition can result in bilateral hematomas?
Complications if a septal hematoma is not drained
Septal abscess may spread to:
Paranasal & intracranial structures
What is the most common fracture within the head?
Signs & Symptoms for Nasal Fracture
What is the time frame to perform a closed reduction for a nasal fracture?
What causes an auricular hematoma?
Direct trauma to the auricle
Separation of cartilage from perichondrium
Treatment for Auricular Hematoma
What happens when an auricular hematoma doesn't get drained?
Causes of Cauliflower Ear
Failure to drain hematoma
Simulation of cartilage growth
Laceration through cartilage
How can you prevent cauliflower ear?
Protective head gear
What is the management of an ear laceration?
Single layer closure through skin & perichondrium but not cartilage
Close follow up
Findings of a Middle Ear Injury
Amber or clear middle ear effusion
Facial nerve deficit
Basilar skull fractures can be secondary to a fracture in which bones?
Which bone is involved in 75% of basilar skull fractures?
What finding is indicative of basilar skull fracture and middle ear injury?
What is a huge sign of a basilar skull fracture?
What do you need to evaluate ottorhea?
Whether it's blood or CSF
What is the 2nd most common facial fracture?
How to evaluate a patient with a mandibular fracture?
Evaluate the bite
Tooth fractures or avulsions
Trauma of tongue
Tongue blade test