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Flashcards in Nose & Sinus Disorders Deck (91)
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1

Functions of the Nose

Olfaction
Air filtration & warming
Something to hold up your glasses

2

Consequences of deficiency in ability to perceive smell

Impairs sense of taste
Lead to nutritional deficiencies
Impairs social interactions
Depression
May be dangerous (fires)

3

Define Anosmia

Inability to detect orders

4

Define Hyposmia

Decreased ability to detect odors

5

Define Dysosmia

Distorted identification of smell

6

3 Types of Dysosmia

Parosmia
Phantosmia
Agnosia

7

Define Parosmia

Altered perceptions of smell in the presence of an odor, usually unpleasant

8

Define Phantosmia

Perception of smell without an odor present

9

Define Agnosia

Inability to classify or contrast odors, although able to detect odors

10

Conductive Olfaction Defects Affects:

Transmission of an odorant stimulus to the olfactory neuroepithelium is disrupted

11

Sensorineural Olfaction Defects Involves:

The more central neural structures

12

The most common causes of olfactory deficits

Viral URI
Head trauma

13

Causes of Anosmia

Midline facial abnormalities
Neurosensory hearing loss

14

Causes of Dysosmia

Nasal & paranasal sinus disease
Head trauma
URI
Medications
Exposure to toxins

15

Causes of Parosmia & Hyposmia

Aging & neurodegenerative processes
Nasal obstruction
URI
Head trauma
Facial trauma
Central olfactory damage

16

Main function of the mucociliary movement

Prevent infection & Subsequent problems

17

Chronic Nasal Congestion Affected by:

Allergic rhinitis
Vasomotor rhinitis
Mechanical obstruction
SE of certain drugs/meds

18

Define Rhinitis

Inflammation of the nasal mucosa which can be caused by infection, allergy, or environmental irritants

19

Types of Infection in Rhinitis

Viral
Bacteria
Fungal (rare)

20

Main type of drug/medication that causes rhinitis

Afrin addiction

21

Hormonal changes that causes rhinitis

Hypothyroidism
Pregnancy

22

Types of chronic inflammatory disease

Granulomatosis

23

Presentation of Rhinitis

Nasal congestion
Rhinorrhea/discharge
Epistaxis
Pain (nasal, sinus, pharyngeal, dental)

24

Define Infectious Rhinitis

Inflammation of the nasal passages commonly due to any number of respiratory viruses

25

Tissues Inflamed in a URI

Nasal & nasopharyngeal tissues
Oropharyngeal, laryngeal tissues
Bronchial mucosa

26

Incidence of the common cold in children

6-10 colds/year

27

Incidence of the common cold in kindergarteners

12/year

28

Incidence of the common cold in school aged children

7/year

29

Incidence of the common cold in adolescents/adults

2-4/year

30

Clinical Presentation of Infectious Rhinitis (cold)

Pharyngitis
Nasal congestion
Rhinorrhea
Obstruction
Sneezing
Facial/ear pressure
Loss of smell/taste
Productive cough
Hoarseness
Headache
Malaise
Fever >100