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Flashcards in Neck Disorders Deck (61)
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1

Which nerves are connected with the taste buds?

CN VII
CN XI

2

Factors Leading to Flavor

Smell
Taste
Irritation
Texture
Temperature

3

Hypogeusia

Diminished taste to 1 or more tastants

4

Ageusia

Absent taste function

5

Dysgeusia

Persistent sweet, sour, salty, bitter or metallic taste

6

Allegeusia

Unpleasant taste of food or drink that is usually pleasant

7

Phantogeusia

Unpleasant taste produced indigenously due to gustatory hallucination

8

Etiology of Taste Disorders

Aging
Infections
Gastric reflux
Drugs
Xerostomia

9

Reasons for Xerostomia

Diseases
Radiation
Infections
Drugs- TCA's
Toxins

10

Treatment of Dysgeusia

Treat underlying problem when possible
Clonazepam (Klonopin)

11

Treatment for Burning Mouth

TCA's
Clonazepam

12

Reasons for Halitosis

Good oral hygiene
Dentures
Mouth breather
Snores
Excess nasal discharge
Excess nasal obstruction
DM
Immunosuppresed

13

Define Halitophobics

People who are afraid they have bad breath but don't actually have bad breath

14

PE for Halitosis

Smell patients breath through mouth
Smell patients breath through nose
Scrape tongue and smell the scrapings

15

Etiology of Halitosis in the Oral Cavity

Breakdown of amino acids producing sulfur
Poor dental hygiene
Accumulation & putrefaction of postnasal drip
Dental Abscess
Gingivitis
Unclean Dentures

16

Etiology of Halitosis in the Nasal Passages

Nasal infection
Polyps
FB in children

17

Etiology of Halitosis in the Tonsils

Tonsilloliths

18

Treatment of Halitosis in the Oral Cavity

Proper dental care/hygiene
Cleaning of posterior tongue
Rinsing/deep gargling with mouthwash
Brief gum chewing
Sufficient water intake

19

Stomatitis- Oral Infections

Candida
HSV
VAV
HIV
Recurrent apthous stomatitis (RAS)
RULE OUT CA

20

Treatment for Aphthous Ulcers

Symptomatic Relief
Chemical cautery
Intralesional or oral cortison

21

Symptomatic Relief for Aphthous Ulcers

Triamcinolone acetonide
Oragel
Anbesol

22

Stomatitis due to Varicella-zoster Virus

Grouped vesicles unilaterally on the hard palate

23

Stomatitis due to HIV

Painful mucocutaneous ulceration one of the most distinctive manifestation of primary HIV-1

24

Complications of Xerostomia

Severe dental caries
Gum disease
Halitosis
Salivary gland calculi
Dysphagia

25

Etiology of Xerostomia

Autoimmune
Radiation treatment
Medication SE

26

Treatment of Xerostomia

Artificial saliva

27

Odynophagia Differential Diagnosis

Severe stomatitis
Candida involving the esophagus
GERD
Stomatitis in immunosuppressed patients

28

Treatment of Odynophagia

Treat the underlying cause

29

Indirect Laryngoscopy Indications

Hoarseness >2 weeks
Odynophagia
Voice change
Dysphagia
Hemoptysis
FB sensation

30

Contraindications for Indirect Laryngoscopy

Uncooperative patient
Patient with strong gag reflex
Compromised airway