Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (51):
Proved hand washing beneficial?
Made first vaccination
Disproved the theory of spontaneous generation with bent test tubes
Do lipids have monomers?
What are the functions of lipids?
-cell membrane (phospolipids)
Do carbohydrates have monomers?
Function of carbohydrates?
-cell wall (peptidoglycan)
Assume E. coli is grown in a nutrient medium containing the radioisotope 16N. After a 48-hour incubation period the 16N would most likely be found in the E. coli's __.
The electrons located on the outermost shell of an atom are known as the __ electrons.
One isotope of iodine differs from another in __
Number of Neutrons
If Pseudomonas bacteria are supplied with radioactively labeled adenine, after a 24-hour incubation period this adenine would more likely be found in the cell's __.
Which of the following are the “building blocks” or monomers of proteins?
c) amino acids
d) fatty acids
Which of the following nitrogenous bases is NOT found in an RNA molecule?
A bond formed from the attraction between ions of opposite charge is called a(n)__.
Water has an unequal distribution of charges and is called a(n) __.
In a synthesis reaction, __.
atoms, ions, or molecules are combined to form a larger molecule.
You are observing a Gram stain of spherical-shaped microorganisms that are linked in a chain and stain purple. How would you describe these bacteria using the correct terminology for the cell shape and arrangement?
gram positive streptococci
Which of the following statements accurately describes specific bacterial cell walls?
a) Gram-negative bacterial cell walls contain teichoic acids, whereas the cell walls of gram-positive bacteria do not.
b) In bacteria with acid-fast cell walls, the carboxylic acid in the walls forms a layer outside a thin layer of hydrophilic polypeptides.
c) The cell walls of gram-negative bacteria contain many more layers of peptidoglycan than those of gram-positive bacteria.
d) In gram-negative bacteria, the thin layer of peptidoglycan is surrounded by an external membrane made of phospholipids, lipopolysaccharides, and proteins.
In gram-negative bacteria, the thin layer of peptidoglycan is surrounded by an external membrane made of phospholipids, lipopolysaccharides, and proteins.
Which of the following is found in the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells but is ABSENT from the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells?
Which of the following types of bacterial cells would have flagella located at only one end of the cell?
c) monotrichious and lophotrichious
monotrichious and lophotrichious
Which of the following molecules is shared by both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms?
b) N-acetylmuramic acid
c) lipid A
d) lipoteichoic acids
Which structural feature of Gram-positive bacteria enhances their ability to retain the crystal violet dye?
a) an endotoxin
b) a thick layer of peptidoglycan
c) a thin layer of peptidoglycan
d) an outer membrane
a thick layer of peptidoglycan
What is the role of iodine in the Gram stain process?
Iodine is a mordant in the Gram stain technique, which functions to intensify the primary stain.
The acid-fast technique is an important diagnostic tool in patients who have __.
What is the function and chemical composition of flagella?
Do Proteins have monomers?
Yes, Amino Acids
What is the function of protein?
Do Neucleic acids have monomers?
What is ATP?
Arrangements viewed in stains?
Peptidoglycan in a gram positive stain?
Peptidoglycan in a gram negative stain?
Reagents of gram stains
-Crystal violet (Primary)
2 Groups of Acid fast stains?
-Acid fast (Mycolic acids) retains the stain.
-Nonacid fast (No mycolic acids)
Color for gram positive stain?
Color for gram negative stain?
Color for acid fast stain?
Color for endospore stain?
Example of a prokaryote?
Is a prokaryote unicellular or multi?
What makes up the cell walls of prokaryotes?
Does a prokaryote have a nucleus?
Reproduction of Prokaryote?
Example of Eukaryotes?
Are Eukaryotes unicellular or multi?
What makes up the cell walls of Eukaryotes?
Do Eukaryotes have a nucleus
Reproduciton of Eukaryote?
Sexual and Nonsexual