Exam 1- Chapter 23 Flashcards Preview

Foundations Exam 1 Spring 2020 > Exam 1- Chapter 23 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1- Chapter 23 Deck (17)
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1

What is Safety?

The state of being free from harm or danger.

2

What is Injury?

A particular form or instance of harm that has a recognizable pattern of occurrence.

3

When it comes to safety, nurses are responsible for what?

Assessing the patient and the environment and for providing safe care that includes injury control and maintaining a safe environment.

4

Injury control occurs at what three levels?

-Individual level
-Design level
-Regulatory level

5

What is the Individual level?

Providing education about safety hazards and prevention strategies.

6

What is the Design level?

Using engineering and environment controls, which may have active or passive safety features, that prevent injury from product or equipment use.

7

What is the Regulatory level?

Creating, monitoring, and enforcing regulations to ensure safe products and environments among manufacturers, retailers, employers, workers, and product users.

8

What are factors affecting safety?

-Physiological Factors (Our body systems try to protect us)
-Environmental Factors (Pollution, Ionizing radiation, Terrorism, Home, Workplace, Community)

9

Altered safeties manifested in various harmful and preventable injuries and illnesses, such as what?

-Motor vehicle incidents
-Falls
-Poisoning
-Fire arms
-Electric shock
-Suffocation and drowning
-Fires and burns
-Radiation injury
-Respiratory diseases

10

What are assessments of ability to function safely?

-Normal pattern identification
-Risk identification
-Dysfunction identification
-Physical Assessment
-Diagnostic tests and procedures

11

What is normal pattern identification?

Current safety practices or plans for management of hazard.

12

What is included in risk identification?

-Recent changes in condition
-Occupation, home environment, lifestyle, habits, and level of safety practices

13

When is dysfunction identification apparent?

May be present when patient reports a serious, preventable injury, a recent change ability to participate safely in ADLs, or reports or performs unsafe behavior.

14

What does a physical assessment focus on?

Should focus on the following systems: neurologic and sensory, cardiovascular, respiratory, musculoskeletal and the integument.

15

What are diagnostic tests and procedures used for?

Used to determine a person's health status by assessing for medical conditions that can place the person at risk for injury.

16

What are nursing interventions for situations of altered safety?

-Disaster plans
-Fire evacuation
-Emergency care in unintentional poisoning
-Filing an incident report
-Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

17

Nursing interventions related to safety fall into what two broad categories?

-Providing safety education for the home, workplace, and community.
-Providing a safe environment in the healthcare setting.