Exam 1- Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

Foundations Exam 1 Spring 2020 > Exam 1- Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1- Chapter 7 Deck (27)
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1

What are values?

-Mental maps for decision making that endure for a significant time in one's life.
-Ideas used to determine what is right or wrong.
-Values are embedded within a value system; a learned set of principles and rules.
-Values are learned and communicated through behaviors that occur when interacting with socializing influences.
-Values are codified in social systems.

2

What are Personal Values?

Beliefs a person considers highly important and are learned through interactions with social systems.

3

What are Professional Values?

Beliefs endorsed by professional groups (like associations) that support generalizable standards of conduct that are to be upheld in all professional situations.

4

What are Behaviors?

-Actions that can be perceived or observed.
-Indicators of values.

5

What are Values Clarification Methods?

Approaches that assist healthcare providers or patients to understand what they hold as important in order to identify preferences in decision making.

6

Define Values Inquiry:

A method of examining social issues and the values that motivate human choices.

7

What does resolution of conflict depend on?

-The perception of what conflict means.
-The meaning of resolution.
-The values underlying the resolution process.

8

What are Professional Values? (In Short)

Values articulated through professional guidelines and codes.

9

What are Laws?

Rules or standards of human conduct established by legislative bodies and interpreted by courts to protect the rights of citizens.

10

What are Institutional Policies?

Guidelines developed by organizations or agencies to direct professional practice; they often reflect local, state, and federal regulations and laws.

11

What is Morality?

The set of beliefs about the standards of right and wrong that help a person determine the correct or permissible action in a given situation.

12

What are the main Principles of Healthcare Ethics?

-Respect for persons
-Beneficence
-Nonmaleficence
-Justice

13

Define Beneficence:

To do or promote good to help others.

14

Define Nonmaleficence:

To avoid doing harm, to remove from harm, and to prevent harm.

15

Define Justice:

Making fair decisions about resource allocations for societies or groups.

16

Define Veracity:

The obligation to be honest with patients and give accurate, unbiased, and understandable information.

17

Define Fidelity:

Being faithful to one's commitments or promises.

18

Define Privacy:

The appropriate use of patient information.

19

Define Confidentiality:

The professional duty and legal obligation to keep information about a patient private.

20

Define Nursing Licensure:

The legal ability to practice as a nurse as defined in a regions nurse practice act.

21

Define Crime:

A violation punishable by the state through the criminal justice system.

22

Define Tort:

A private wrong-doing subject to action in a civil court.

23

What are Intentional Torts?

-Assault (threat) and Battery (Physical touch against persons will)
-Defamation of character
-Fraud
-Invasion of privacy
-False imprisonment

24

What are unintentional torts?

-Negligence
-Malpractice

25

Define Malpractice:

Negligence performed by a licensed professional.

26

What are active steps in Legal Protection?

-Keeping current with advances in practice
-Keeping current with changes in the local nurse practice act
-Becoming involved in development of institutional policies, protocols, and standardized nursing plans of care

27

What can you do to maintain Professional Legal Protection?

-Maintain professional liability insurance
-Maintain appropriate, accurate, complete, and contemporaneous documentation