Exam 1- Chapter 25 Flashcards Preview

Foundations Exam 1 Spring 2020 > Exam 1- Chapter 25 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1- Chapter 25 Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

Define mobility:

The ability to move freely within the environment.

2

What are the musculoskeletal system components of mobility?

-Bones
-Muscles
-Ligaments

3

What are the physiological components of mobility?

-Alignment and posture
-Balance
-Coordinated movement
-Body mechanics?
-Exercise
-Characteristics of normal movement

4

Define body mechanics:

Using alignment, posture, and balance in a coordinated effort to perform activities such as lifting, bending, and moving.

5

What are the principle of body mechanics- general rules?

-Assess the situation carefully before acting.
-Use the large muscle groups of the legs.
-Work at the appropriate height for body position.
-Use mechanical lifts or assistance when possible.`

6

What are the lifespan considerations of mobility?

-Newborn and infant: ?
-Toddler and preschooler: ?
-Child and adolescent: ?
-Adult and older adult: ?

7

What are factors affecting mobility?

-Lifestyle and habits
-Intact musculoskeletal system
-Circulation and oxygenation
-Energy
-Congenital problems
-Affective disorders
-Therapeutic modalities

8

What are manifestations of altered mobility?

-Decreased muscle strength and tone
-Altered gait
-Falls
-Decreased joint flexibility
-Pain on movement
-Activity intolerance

9

What is the difference between pain on movement and activity intolerance?

Pain on movement: ?

Activity Intolerance: Insufficient physiologic or psychological energy to endure or complete required or desired daily activities.

10

What are the impacts of immobility on physiological function?

-Muscle atrophy and weakness
-Contractures and joint pain
-Increased cardiac workload
-Orthostatic hypotension
-Thrombus formation and embolism
-Decreased lung expansion
-Negative nitrogen balance
-Anorexia
-Disuse osteoporosis
-Impaired immunity
-Pressure ulcers
-Urinary stasis
-UTIs
-Renal calculi
-Constipation
-Sleep and rest disturbance

11

What are the impacts of immobility on psychosocial function?

-Cognition and pain
-Self-perception and self-concept
-Roles and relationships
-Coping and stress intolerance
-Sexuality

12

What are nursing diagnoses related to mobility?

-Impaired physical mobility
-Impaired walking
-Impaired wheelchair mobility
-Activity intolerance
-Risk for falls-Risk for disuse syndrome

13

What are some community-based interventions in relation to mobility?

-Patient teaching
-Environmental assessment and modification
-Community resources