Flashcards in Exam 1- Chapter 25 Deck (13)
The ability to move freely within the environment.
What are the musculoskeletal system components of mobility?
What are the physiological components of mobility?
-Alignment and posture
-Characteristics of normal movement
Define body mechanics:
Using alignment, posture, and balance in a coordinated effort to perform activities such as lifting, bending, and moving.
What are the principle of body mechanics- general rules?
-Assess the situation carefully before acting.
-Use the large muscle groups of the legs.
-Work at the appropriate height for body position.
-Use mechanical lifts or assistance when possible.`
What are the lifespan considerations of mobility?
-Newborn and infant: ?
-Toddler and preschooler: ?
-Child and adolescent: ?
-Adult and older adult: ?
What are factors affecting mobility?
-Lifestyle and habits
-Intact musculoskeletal system
-Circulation and oxygenation
What are manifestations of altered mobility?
-Decreased muscle strength and tone
-Decreased joint flexibility
-Pain on movement
What is the difference between pain on movement and activity intolerance?
Pain on movement: ?
Activity Intolerance: Insufficient physiologic or psychological energy to endure or complete required or desired daily activities.
What are the impacts of immobility on physiological function?
-Muscle atrophy and weakness
-Contractures and joint pain
-Increased cardiac workload
-Thrombus formation and embolism
-Decreased lung expansion
-Negative nitrogen balance
-Sleep and rest disturbance
What are the impacts of immobility on psychosocial function?
-Cognition and pain
-Self-perception and self-concept
-Roles and relationships
-Coping and stress intolerance
What are nursing diagnoses related to mobility?
-Impaired physical mobility
-Impaired wheelchair mobility
-Risk for falls-Risk for disuse syndrome