Exam 1- Chapter 25 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1- Chapter 25 Deck (13)
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Define mobility:

The ability to move freely within the environment.


What are the musculoskeletal system components of mobility?



What are the physiological components of mobility?

-Alignment and posture
-Coordinated movement
-Body mechanics?
-Characteristics of normal movement


Define body mechanics:

Using alignment, posture, and balance in a coordinated effort to perform activities such as lifting, bending, and moving.


What are the principle of body mechanics- general rules?

-Assess the situation carefully before acting.
-Use the large muscle groups of the legs.
-Work at the appropriate height for body position.
-Use mechanical lifts or assistance when possible.`


What are the lifespan considerations of mobility?

-Newborn and infant: ?
-Toddler and preschooler: ?
-Child and adolescent: ?
-Adult and older adult: ?


What are factors affecting mobility?

-Lifestyle and habits
-Intact musculoskeletal system
-Circulation and oxygenation
-Congenital problems
-Affective disorders
-Therapeutic modalities


What are manifestations of altered mobility?

-Decreased muscle strength and tone
-Altered gait
-Decreased joint flexibility
-Pain on movement
-Activity intolerance


What is the difference between pain on movement and activity intolerance?

Pain on movement: ?

Activity Intolerance: Insufficient physiologic or psychological energy to endure or complete required or desired daily activities.


What are the impacts of immobility on physiological function?

-Muscle atrophy and weakness
-Contractures and joint pain
-Increased cardiac workload
-Orthostatic hypotension
-Thrombus formation and embolism
-Decreased lung expansion
-Negative nitrogen balance
-Disuse osteoporosis
-Impaired immunity
-Pressure ulcers
-Urinary stasis
-Renal calculi
-Sleep and rest disturbance


What are the impacts of immobility on psychosocial function?

-Cognition and pain
-Self-perception and self-concept
-Roles and relationships
-Coping and stress intolerance


What are nursing diagnoses related to mobility?

-Impaired physical mobility
-Impaired walking
-Impaired wheelchair mobility
-Activity intolerance
-Risk for falls-Risk for disuse syndrome


What are some community-based interventions in relation to mobility?

-Patient teaching
-Environmental assessment and modification
-Community resources