Exam 1- Chapter 24 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1- Chapter 24 Deck (14)
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What is routine self-care?

Refers to a persons ability to perform primary care functions I the following four areas: bathing, feeding, toileting, and dressing without the help of others.


Define Hygiene:

The observance of health rules relating the the four self-care activities.


What are the benefits of bathing?

-Assists in keeping skin intact and healthy, thus preventing infection.
-Regular bathing removes excess oils, perspiration, and bacteria from the surface of the skin.
-Increases circulation and helps maintain muscle tone adjoint mobility.
-Promotes relaxation and comfort and a sense of well-being.


What is important about doing feet and nail care?

Torn cuticles can be a source of infection and dirty nails can spread infection.


What is important about hair care?

Clean hair promotes a sense of well-being and daily brushing distributes oil across the hair shafts and massages the scalp.


What is important about oral care?

Prevents gum deterioration and tooth loss; bacterial colonization of the mouth is implicated in some nosocomial pneumonias, especially in patients requiring mechanical ventilation.


What is important about feeding?

It may be the most important self-care skill in terms of independence, which enhances self-concept.


What is important about toileting?

The ability to perform all associated activities independently and safely decreases he risk of falls.


What is important about dressing and grooming?

Proper grooming increases self-concept and self-image; grooming includes combing of hair and shaving.


What are factors affecting self-care practices?

-Mental Health
-Cognitive Abilities
-Neuromuscular Function
-Sensory Deficits


What are manifestations if altered self-care?

-Poor hygiene and grooming
-Inability to demonstrate self-care activities
-Verbalization of reluctance to perform self-care


What does a Assessment of self-care abilities include?

-Normal pattern identification
-Rick identification
-Dysfunction identification
-Physical Assessment


What are possible nursing diagnoses related to self-care?

-bathing/hygiene self-care deficit
-feeding self-care deficit
-dressing/grooming self-care deficit
-toileting self-care deficit


What are nursing interventions for self-care?

-Scheduling self-care assistance
-bathing and skin care
-hair care
-care of the patients unit environment (bed types and positions, occupied bed making)
-oral care
-eye care