Exam 1- Chapter 24 Flashcards Preview

Foundations Exam 1 Spring 2020 > Exam 1- Chapter 24 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1- Chapter 24 Deck (14)
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1

What is routine self-care?

Refers to a persons ability to perform primary care functions I the following four areas: bathing, feeding, toileting, and dressing without the help of others.

2

Define Hygiene:

The observance of health rules relating the the four self-care activities.

3

What are the benefits of bathing?

-Assists in keeping skin intact and healthy, thus preventing infection.
-Regular bathing removes excess oils, perspiration, and bacteria from the surface of the skin.
-Increases circulation and helps maintain muscle tone adjoint mobility.
-Promotes relaxation and comfort and a sense of well-being.

4

What is important about doing feet and nail care?

Torn cuticles can be a source of infection and dirty nails can spread infection.

5

What is important about hair care?

Clean hair promotes a sense of well-being and daily brushing distributes oil across the hair shafts and massages the scalp.

6

What is important about oral care?

Prevents gum deterioration and tooth loss; bacterial colonization of the mouth is implicated in some nosocomial pneumonias, especially in patients requiring mechanical ventilation.

7

What is important about feeding?

It may be the most important self-care skill in terms of independence, which enhances self-concept.

8

What is important about toileting?

The ability to perform all associated activities independently and safely decreases he risk of falls.

9

What is important about dressing and grooming?

Proper grooming increases self-concept and self-image; grooming includes combing of hair and shaving.

10

What are factors affecting self-care practices?

-Environment
-Motivation
-Mental Health
-Cognitive Abilities
-Energy
-Pain
-Neuromuscular Function
-Sensory Deficits

11

What are manifestations if altered self-care?

-Poor hygiene and grooming
-Inability to demonstrate self-care activities
-Verbalization of reluctance to perform self-care

12

What does a Assessment of self-care abilities include?

-Normal pattern identification
-Rick identification
-Dysfunction identification
-Physical Assessment

13

What are possible nursing diagnoses related to self-care?

-bathing/hygiene self-care deficit
-feeding self-care deficit
-dressing/grooming self-care deficit
-toileting self-care deficit

14

What are nursing interventions for self-care?

-Scheduling self-care assistance
-bathing and skin care
-hair care
-shaving
-feeding
-toileting
-care of the patients unit environment (bed types and positions, occupied bed making)
-oral care
-eye care