Exam 2--Other Lectures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2--Other Lectures Deck (34):
1

Which type of tumor is most common in older, lightly pigmented cats?

Nasal planum neoplasia

2

Most common type of nasal planum neoplasia in cats

SCC

3

Behavior of nasal planum tumors

locally invasive but rarely metastasize

4

Majority of nasosinal tumors are

carcinomas (adenocarcinoma)

5

Treatment of choice for nasosinal tumors?

Radiation therapy

6

Most common feline nasosinal tumor?

Lymphoma

7

Majority of primary lung tumors are? (type)

Carcinomas (adenocarcinomas)

8

Which type of lung tumor gives a better prognosis:
1) undifferentiated
2) Well-differentiated

Well-differentiated (usually indicates a less aggressive tumor)

9

A paraneoplastic syndrome associated with primary lung tumors that can lead to lameness in dogs

secondary hypertrophic osteopathy

10

Most common location for lung tumor?

caudodorsal lung field

11

A paraneoplastic syndrome associated with primary lung tumors in cats

syndrome of multiple digital metastasis (swelling of several toes)

12

This tumor presents in young to middle aged dogs and will show basophilia and leukocytosis on labwork

Canine pulmonary lymphomatoid granulomatosis

13

Which component of thymic tissue usually becomes neoplastic

epithelial component

14

Aside from respiratory distress, what are two other clinical signs associated with a Thymoma

precaval syndrome (swollen head, neck, limbs)

& myasthenia gravis (secondary paraneoplastic syndrome)

15

This cancer is associated with older animals that have had asbestos exposure

Mesothelioma

16

Most common abnormality associated with BOAS

elongated soft palate

17

Surgical procedure indicated for elongated soft palate? Two techniques

Staphlectomy:
1) cut & sew
2) hot incision (less hemorrhage)

18

For which condition is there no treatment or cure because surgery is usually unrewarding

Laryngeal collapse

19

Laryngeal anatomy:
1) muscle that abducts arytenoids
2) innervation

1) cricoarytenoideus dorsalis

2) recurrent laryngeal nerve

20

Which surgical option for laryngeal paralysis is more technically difficult but offers a better overall opening of the laryngeal orifice and less potential for aspiration

Modified Castellated Laryngeofissure

21

What 4 classes of medications can be used in treatment of tracheal collapse

antitussives
bronchodilators
corticosteroids
+/- antibiotics

22

3 surgical options for tracheal collapse

dorsal tracheal membrane plication
External prothesis
internal support (stent)

23

Your selected tracheal stent should be _____% larger than the tracheal diameter

20%

24

T/F: After tracheostomy tube removal, the incision should be closed using a soft, absorbable suture

FALSE
(allows second intention healing)

25

Most common neoplasia of trachea?

Chrondromas/chrondrosarcomas

26

Best surgical option for treatment of tracheal neoplasia or trauma

Tracheal resection

27

When anastomosing the trachea, which aspect should be sutured first?

Dorsal aspect

28

What are the two options for tracheal resection and which is preferred?

Splint ring (preferred)

Annular ring anastomosis

29

What type of suture is best for tracheal anastomosis

monofilament, non-absorbable

30

Leakage of a ______ _____ results in a chronic, persistent pneumothorax

pulmonary bullae

31

Which hernia type is typically congenital?

Pericardioperitoneal (incomplete separation of pericardium and diaphragm)

32

Which hernia type is most commonly associated with trauma

pleuroperitoneal

33

T/F: Diaphragmatic hernias have unique clinical signs and can be ruled out on clinical presentation alone

FALSE

34

Best suture choice for correction of a DH?

long lasting, monofilament

Can be absorbable (PDS II)

Can be non-absorbable (Nylon)