Exam 2 Spondylosis Spondylolysis Spondylolisthesis Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Summer 2015 > Exam 2 Spondylosis Spondylolysis Spondylolisthesis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 Spondylosis Spondylolysis Spondylolisthesis Deck (29)
1

What is the definition of spondylolysis

A vertebral separation or vertebral cleavage

2

What is the definition of a spondylolisthesis

A vertebral slippage

3

What is the definition of spondylosis

A vertebral condition

4

What is the location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in spinal II

A separation along the pars interarticularis defect in the pars interarticularis or pars defect

5

What is the incidence of spondylolysis in the general population

A range of 2.6% to 10%

6

What is the geographic bias for a higher incidence of spondylolysis

The native Alaskan inuit population

7

Lumbar spondylolysis has not been reported in what groups of individuals

Fetuses newborns rarely in children under five years old patients who have never walked and in nonerect species

8

What does lumbar spondylolysis appear to be related to

The uniquely human upright stance or erect posture

9

Lumbar spondylolysis is associated with what characteristics

Familial association
spina bifida occulta
racial ethnic disparities
gender in locational bias
youthful incidents in activities requiring repetitive stress on the spine

10

What is the gender bias and locational by associated with lumbar spondylolysis

Men at L5 S1 women at L4 L5

11

What is the age range typically associated with lumbar spondylolysis

10 to 20 years old

12

What activities are particularly stressful at the pars interarticularis of lumbar vertebra

Gymnastics dance soccer

13

What fills the space in a lumbar spondylolysis

Fibrocartilaginous material

14

What name has been given to the material filling the space in the lumbar spondylolysis

Spondylolysis ligament

15

What types of Neuro functions have been associated with the spondylolysis ligament

Nociception neuromodulation and autonomic function

16

What is the appearance of the lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view

A Scottie dog

17

What is the appearance of a defect in the pars interarticularis in the lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view

A collared Scottie dog

18

In in a bleak x-ray spondylolysis below the superior articular process of a lumbar pars interarticularis is associated with what part of the Scottie dog

The neck of the Scottie dog

19

What part of the lumbar vertebra forms the eye of the Scottie dog

The superior articular process

20

What part of the lumbar vertebra forms the nose of the Scottie dog

The transverse process

21

What characteristics are associated with cervical spondylolysis

Rare
congenital
gender bias toward men
most common at C6 and link to spondylolisthesis and spina bifida

22

What characteristics are associated with sacral spondylolysis

Rare in the general population
within typical percent in the native Alaskan population
seems to be acquired
gender bias toward men
most common at S1 and link to activities such as kayaking and harpooning

23

Identify all names given to type one spondylolisthesis

dysplastic spondylolisthesis
congenital spondylolisthesis

24

What is the locational bias of type one spondylolisthesis

L5 or upper sacral segments

25

What additional conditions are linked to type one spondylolisthesis

Spina bifida Occulta and nerve root compression of the S1 nerve

26

What gender bias locational bias and spinal canal dimensions are associated with type two spondylolisthesis

Isthmic spondylolisthesis is common in men
located at L5 S1 level
demonstrates an increase in sagittal diameter of the spinal canal

27

What is the gender bias locational bias and spinal canal dimension changes often associated with type III spondylolisthesis

Degenerative spondylolisthesis is more common in women
particularly at L4 L5
demonstrates no change in sagittal diameter of spinal canal

28

What causes type IV spondylolisthesis

Fracture of the Neural arch components

29

What are the causes associated with type five spondylolisthesis

Bone diseases such as paget disease or osteogenesis imperfecta

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