Exam 2.4 Flashcards Preview

HEP 3600 > Exam 2.4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2.4 Deck (36):
1

American Indian

lowest education and median income of any group, various tribes have distinct customs, languages, and beliefs, many share same cultural values, some conflict in some communities between medical/public health approach and approach used by healers

2

Indian Health Services (IHS)

responsible for fed health services to natives, assist tribes in developing health programs, facilitate and assist tribes in coordinating health resources, provide comprehensive health care services, serve as a fed advocate

3

Refugees

people who flee their homes from danger

4

Immigrants

migrate from other countries to set up residence

5

Aliens

people who were not born in a particular country

6

Illegal aliens

enter a country without permission

7

Concerns with immigrants

language/cultural barriers, poor, lower education levels, mismatch of work skills to economic needs, serious health problems, burden on healthcare, housing, education, etc.

8

Race and Health Initiative

goal to eliminate disparities among racial and ethnic minority populations in 6 areas, infant mortality, cancer screening and management, cv disease, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, immunization

9

SES

considered to be the most influential single contributor to premature morbidity and mortality

10

Community organizing

Process by which community groups are helped to identify common problems or change targets, mobilize resources, and develop and implement strategies to reach their collective goals

11

Grass-roots

A process that begins with those who are affected by the problem/concern

12

Gatekeepers

Those who control, both formally and informally, the political climate of the community

13

Coalition

Formal alliance of organizations that come together to work for a common goal

14

Community building

An orientation to community through which people who identify as members engage together in building community capacity rather than fixing problems through the application of specific and externally driven strategies

15

Task force

Temporary group that is brought together for dealing with a specific problem

16

Program planning

A process by which an intervention is planned to help meet the needs of a priority population

17

Needs assessment

The process of collecting and analyzing information, to develop an understanding of the issues, resources, and constraints of the priority population, as related to the development of the health promotion program

18

Priority population (audience)

Those whom a program is intended to serve

19

Best experiences

Intervention strategies used in prior or existing programs that have not gone through the critical research and evaluation studies and thus fall short of the best practice criteria

20

Best practices

Recommendations for interventions based on critical review of multiple research and evaluation studies that substantiate the efficacy of the intervention

21

Best processes

Original intervention strategies that the planners create based on their knowledge and skills of good planning processes including the involvement of those in the priority population and the use of theories and models

22

Dose

The number of program units as part of the intervention

23

Implementation

Putting a planned program into action

24

Multiplicity

The number of activities that make up an intervention

25

Evaluation

Determining the value or worth of an object of interest

26

Formative evaluation

The evaluation that is conducted during the planning and implementing processes to improve or refine the program

27

Impact evaluation

Focuses on the immediate observable effects of a program

28

Outcome evaluation

Focuses on the end result of the program

29

Standard of acceptability

Comparative mandate, value, norm, or group

30

Summative evaluation

The evaluation that determines the effect of a program on the priority population

31

Gag rule

Regulations that barred physicians and nurses in clinics receiving federal funds from counseling clients about abortions

32

Categorical programs

Programs available only to people who can be categorized into a group based on specific variables

33

BMI

ratio of weight to height squared

34

Demography

Study of a population and those variables bringing about change in that population

35

Median age

Age at which half the population is older and half is younger

36

Older Americans act of 1965

Federal legislation to improve the lives of elders