Exam 2.2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2.2 Deck (36):
1

Teen mothers are less likely

to receive early prenatal care

2

Teen mothers are more likely

to smoke during pregnancy, have preterm birth, have low birth weight babies, have pregnancy complications

3

Title X Family Planning Act

only fed program dedicated solely to funding family planning and reproductive healthcare services, designed to provide service to low income women, major program to reduce unintended pregnancy, supports 61% of family planning clinics, more than 5 million women receive care every year

4

Maternal health

health of women in the childbearing years, including pre-pregnancy period, pregnant and those caring for young children

5

Maternal mortality

death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management

6

Preconception health care

care before pregnancy that is health improving and risk reducing

7

Prenatal health care

medical care from the time of conception until birth process

8

Title V

only fed legislation dedicated to promoting and improving health of mothers and children

9

Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB)

subdvision of HRSA in the DHHS, established to administer title V funding for 4 core public health services

10

MCHB pyramid of health services

Direct healthcare services, enabling services (transportation, medicaid, WIC), population based services (immunization, SIDS counseling, nutrition), infrastructure building services (needs assessment, planning, evaluation, monitoring, training)

11

WIC

supplemental food program sponsored by USDA since 1974

12

Medicaid

low income individuals and families, children slightly more than half of beneficiaries

13

CHIP

targets uninsured children whose families don't qualify for medicaid

14

FMLA

grants 12 weeks unpaid job protected leave to men or women after birth of child, adoption, illness in immediate family, only affects businesses with 50+ employees

15

Family Support Act and Child Care and Development Block Grant

provide funds for child care for poor families

16

Adolescents and Young Adults

15-24 years

17

Adults

25-64 years, slightly more than half of US population

18

Ages 15 to 64

some of the most productive years of people's lives, best health, shape health for later years

19

Adolescence

difficult stage, period of transition from childhood to adulthood, comfort and security to complex and challenging

20

Young adults

complete physical growth, experience significant life changes, leave home, join military, begin careers, etc., many health beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors are adopted and consolidated

21

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

designed and implemented by CDC, includes a biennial school based survey (9-12th grade), tracks selected health behaviors, includes data used to set and track progress toward school health goals, curriculum, new legislation and policies

22

National College Health Assessment

examines health behaviors of college students

23

#1 cause of death for adult age group

cancer - lung, colorectal, prostate/breast

24

#2 cause of death for adult age group

cardiovascular disease

25

Causes of death in adolescents and young adults

unintentional injuries, homicide, suicide

26

Primary prevention

exercise & physical activity classes, marketing campaigns, nutrition education

27

Secondary prevention

smoking cessation efforts, self-exams, clinical exams, clinical screening

28

Tertiary prevention

medication compliance, prescribed exercise therapy, prescribed nutrition therapy

29

Health behaviors and lifestyle choices of HS and College students

contribute to unintentional injuries, contribute to violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drugs, sexual behaviors, physical activity, overweight and weight control

30

Young old

65-74

31

Middle old

75-84

32

Oldest old

85+

33

Aged

state of being old

34

Aging

changes that occur normally in plants and animals as they grow older

35

Gerentology

study of biological, psychological, and social processes of aging and the elderly

36

Geriatrics

branch of medicine concerned with medical problems and care of elderly