Exam 2.1 Flashcards Preview

HEP 3600 > Exam 2.1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2.1 Deck (35):
1

Social ecological approach to behavior change

has multiple levels of influence, change more likely when a combination of individual, interpersonal, organizational, community, and policy-level interventions in place

2

Health education

any combination of planned learning experiences based on sound theories that provide individuals, groups, and communities the opportunity to acquire information and the skills to make quality health decisions, one part focused on voluntary behavior change

3

Health promotion

any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory, or organizational mechanisms that support actions and conditions of living conducive to health of individuals, groups and communities

4

Generalized model for program planning

assessing needs-setting goals and objectives-developing an intervention-implementing the intervention-evaluating the results

5

Intervention

activities that will help the target population meet the objectives and achieve the program goals, an activity or activities designed to create change in people

6

Pilot test

trial run-implementation to a small group, determine problems and fix before full implementation

7

Phasing in

step by step implementation, implementation with small groups, implementation of an intervention with a series of small groups instead of the entire population

8

Community capacity

community characteristics affecting its ability to identify, mobilize, and address problems

9

Empowered community

one in which individuals and organizations apply their skills and resources in collective efforts to meet their respective needs

10

Participation and relevance

community organizing that starts where the people are and engages community members as equals

11

Social capital

relationships and structures within a community that promote cooperation for mutual benefit

12

Initial organizer

recognizes that a problem exists and decides to do something about it

13

Essential public health services

assessment, policy development, assurance, linked to the core functions, cyclical and continuous, managed at systems level, enhanced through active research

14

PH assessment

monitor health, diagnose and investigate

15

PH policy development

inform, educate, empower, mobilize community partnerships, develop policies

16

PH assurance

enforce laws, link to/provide care, assure competent workforce

17

Bear River Board of Health

Box Elder, Cache, Rich counties

18

Public health mission

assuring conditions in which people can be healthy

19

BRHD health promotion mission

protect human health, prevent disease and disability, promote a safe and healthy community through assessment, policy development, and assurance

20

What is health promotion?

the aggregate of all purposeful activities designed to improve personal and public health through a combination of strategies, including the competent implementation of behavioral change strategies, health ed., health protection measures, risk factor detection, health enhancement and health maintenance

21

7 responsibilities for health educators

assess needs, assets, and capacity; plan health education; implement health education; conduct evaluation and research; administer and manage health ed, serve as health ed and resource person; advocate for health ed

22

Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP)

health education, physical education, health services, nutrition services, counseling, psychological and social services, healthy school environment, health promotion for staff, family/community involvement

23

School Health Advisory Council

primary role: provide coordination of the CSHP components, individuals from a school or school district and community who work together to provide advice and aspects of school health program

24

Key personnel for CSHP

school nurse, teachers

25

School Health Policies

steps: identify the policy development team, assess the district's needs, prioritize needs and develop an action plan, draft a policy, build awareness and support, adopt and implement the policy, maintain, measure, and evaluate

26

School Health Coordinator

should administer CSHP, usually a nurse or health teacher, multiple responsibilities, position often not required by states

27

School Health Education

development, delivery, and evaluation of a planned curriculum primarily by a school health teacher, includes all health education in the school

28

Health ed curriculum outlines

scope-content that will be taught, sequence-order content will be covered, learning objectives, learning activities, possible instructional resources, methods for asssesement

29

Issues and concerns of CSHP

lack of support, limited resources, curriculum challenges, controversy, violence in schools, bullying

30

Infant

<1year

31

Child

1-14 years

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Women of childbearing age

18-45 years

33

Increased health risks for infants and children raised in single parent families

adverse birth outcomes, low birth weight, higher infant mortality, more likely to live in poverty

34

Unmarried mothers

compared to married generally have lower education, lower incomes, greater dependence on welfare

35

Teenage pregnancy

more likely to drop out of school, not get married or have marriage end in divorce, rely on public assistance, live in poverty, substantial health and economic consequences