Exam 5 - Emergency Kit Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 5 - Emergency Kit Deck (39):
1

Name the level 1 (basic critical drugs)

1. Endogenous catecholamine (Epinephrine)
2. Histamine blocker
3. Oxygen
4. Vasodilater (Nitroglycerin)
5. Bronchodilator
6. Anti-hypoglycemic
7. Fibrinolytic

2

Which level 1 basic critical drug is used for respiratory distress?

Endogenous catecholamine
Oxygen

3

Name the indications of Endogenous catecholamine

Rapid relief of hypersensitivity reactions
Anaphylaxis

4

Name the two Histamine blockers found in an emergency kit

1. diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
2. chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)

5

What are the indications for histamine blockers?

Used for allergic reactions
Angioedema
Anaphylaxis

6

What is the indication for oxygen use?

Used for any emergency situation where respiratory distress is evident

7

Name the drug considered a Vasodilator found in emergency kits

Nitroglycerin

8

What are the indications for nitroglycerin?

Prophylaxis
Management and treatment of patients with angina

9

Name the drug considered a bronchodilator found in emergency kits

albuterol (beta 2 agonist) inhaler

10

Indications for albuterol

Used for relief of bronchospasm in patients with COPD

11

Name a few examples of Anti-hypoglycemics used in emergency kits

Orange juice
Cake icing in tube
Regular soft drinks
Glucose = paste, tablets

12

What is the fibrinolytic found in emergency kits

Chewable aspirin

13

Indication for chewable aspirin when in emergency

Pre-hospital admission drug for MI

14

List the Level 2 (Often in basic kits too) drugs

1. Respiratory stimulant
2. Histamine blocker
3. Analgesic
4. Anticonvulsant
5. Anti-hypertensive
6. Anti-hypoglycemic
7. Glucocorticoid (anti-inflammatory)
8. Vasoconstrictor
9. Anticholinergic

15

Name the level 2 Respiratory stimulants

Aromatic ammonia
Spirits of ammonia (Smelling salts)

16

What is the indication of the level two respiratory stimulants

Treatment of fainting (***NOT respiratory depression caused by opioids)

17

Name the level 2 Histamine Blocker found in emergency kits

diphenhydramine (oral administration)

18

Indication for level 2 histamine blocker

mild allergic reactions
angioedema

19

What is the level 2 analgesic often found in kits

Morphine sulfate

20

Indication for Level 2 analgesic

Used for pain/anxiety with MI

21

Name the Level 2 anticonvulsant often found in kits

diazepam (valium)

22

Indication for Level 2 Anticonvulsant

Used for status epileptics and severe recurrent convulsive seizers

23

Indications for Level 2 Anti-hypertensive

Anti-anginal
Used for treatment of tachycardia and hypertension

24

Name the level 2 Anti-hypertensive drugs found in kits

Beta blockers such as esmolol and labetalol

25

Name the Level 2 anti-hypoglycemic drugs found in kits

glucagon HCl
50% Dextrose

26

Indication of Level 2 glucocorticoid (anti-inflammatory)

- treatment of adrenocortical insufficiency
- treatment of shock
- control of severe or incapacitating allergic conditions that are intractable to conventional treatment of asthma and allergic reactions

27

Name the level 2 glucocorticoid

hydrocortisone sodium succinate (Solu-cortef)

28

Name the level 2 vasoconstrictor

methoxamine (Vasoxyl)

29

Indication for the level 2 vasoconstrictor

support or maintenance of blood pressure

30

Indications for the Level 2 anticholinergic

Used as antisialagogue for pre anesthesia
- restore heart rate and arterial pressure when vagal stimulation causes sudden decrease in pulse rate and cardiac action
- lessen degree of AV heart block
- Overcome severe bradycardia and syncope due to hyperactive carotid sinus reflex

31

Name the Level 2 anticholinergic

atropine

32

List the Level 3 drugs (advanced cardiac life-support drugs)

1. Alkalinizing agent
2. Analgesic
3. Anti-dysrhythmic
4. Anti-cholinergic
5. Calcium salt
6. Endogenous catecholamine (Epinephrine)

33

List the Level 3 Anti-dysrhythmic drugs

1. lidocaine (Xylocaine)
2. bretylium tosylate (Bretylol)
3. Procainamide (Pronestyl)
4. Verapamil (Calan)

34

Name the Level 3 Alkalinizing agents

Sodium bicarbonate

35

Indications for sodium bicarbonate

Documented pre-existing metabolic acidosis
- Not frequently used due to many adverse effects
- Used after other interventions

36

Indications for Level 3 Analgesic drugs

treatment of anxiety/pain due to MI
Manage pain unresponsive to non-opioid analgesics

37

What is the drug of choice for suppression of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation?

lidocaine (Xylocaine)

38

What is the indication of calcium salt

treatment of acute hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia or calcium channel blocker toxicity

39

Name the Level 4 (antidotes)

Benzodiazepine Antagonist (flumazenil)
Opioid antagonist (naloxone, naltrexone)