Flashcards in Exam PPQ's Deck (8)
In the context of anxiety disorders, what's meant by an obsession? (1)
A persistent, intrusive, recurring thought or image that causes anxiety.
In the context of anxiety disorders, what's meant by a compulsion? (1)
They are repetitive, ritualistic behaviours that grant temporary anxiety relief.
Outline two symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder. (2)
B - Compulsions,
B - Avoidance,
E - Anxiety and distress,
E - Accompanying depression,
E - Guilt and disgust,
C - Obsessive thoughts,
C - Cognitive strategies to deal with obsessions,
C - Insight into excessive anxiety.
What neurotransmitter has been implicated in explaining OCD, how do we know it is linked? (2)
Serotonin, we know because SSRI's have been proven to reduce the symptoms of OCD.
What is meant by polygenic? (1)
It is controlled by the presence of multiple genes not just one gene.
What evidence do we have that OCD is linked to genetics? (4)
It is seen to run in families;
Nesdadt -> 68% of MZ twins share OCD, 31% of DZ twins share OCD.
Lewis -> 37% of OCD patients had parents with OCD and 21% had siblings with OCD.
Briefly outline how flooding might be used to treat phobias. (2)
• immediate/direct/full exposure
• prevention of avoidance
• until they are calm/anxiety has receded/fear is extinguished