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Flashcards in OCD - Treatment Deck (69)
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1

What is the main treatment for OCD?

Drug Therapy.

2

Drug therapies are a part of which key psychological approach?

The biological approach.

3

What is the main aim of drug therapies?

To increase / decrease the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain or to increase / decrease their activity.

4

What neurotransmitter has been implicated in explaining OCD, how do we know that it is linked?

Serotonin, we know it is linked because when sufferers are given SSRI's (to increase Serotonin levels), their OCD symptoms improve.

5

An assumption of drug therapy is that their is a ____?____ ____?____ in the brain.

Chemical imbalance:
An assumption of drug therapy is that their is a chemical imbalance in the brain.

6

What is the most common drug used for treating anxiety disorders such as OCD?

SSRI's, (Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors).

7

When SSRI's are ineffective for a patient, they often explore alternative drugs, list some of these alternative drugs:

- Tricyclics
- SNRI's
- Benzodiazipines

8

SSRI's can be ineffective for some patients, what should be done if they are ineffective to a patient?

The dosage can be increased or they can be combined with other drugs.

9

Patients respond ______ to different drugs and sometimes alternatives work ________ for some and ______ for others.

Differently, Well, Badly:
Patients respond differently to different drugs and sometimes alternatives work well for some and badly for others.

10

How do SSRI's work?

They prevent the reabsorbtion of Serotonin, this increases the levels in the synapse and stimulating the post-synaptic neuron.

11

What does SNRI's stand for?

Serotonin-Noradrenaline Re-uptake Inhibitor's.

12

Which type of drug is being described here:
An older type of drug that works similarly to SSRI's, except they have more side-effects so a generally only used as back-ups.

Tricyclics.

13

T / F:
SSRI's are a type of antidepressant drug.

True.

14

Which type of drug is commonly known as "Benzo's"?

Benzodiazipines.

15

SNRI's not only increase the levels of Serotonin, but also the levels of another neurotransmitter called __________.

Noradrenaline:
SNRI's not only increase the levels of Serotonin, but also the levels of another neurotransmitter called Noradrenaline.

16

Which drugs are used to increase the levels of Serotonin?

- SSRI's,
- SNRI'S,
- Tricyclics.

17

Serotonin and Noradrenaline are both types of ______________ that are increased by SNRI's.

Neurotransmitter:
Serotonin and Noradrenaline are both types of neurotransmitter that are increased by SNRI's.

18

Which type of drug not only increases the levels of Serotonin, but also the levels of another neurotransmitter called Noradrenaline?

SNRI's (Serotonin-Noradrenaline Re-uptake Inhibitor's)

19

Which drugs are used to increase the levels of Noradrenaline?

- SNRI's.

20

Tricyclics work in a similar way to SSRI's, suggest why they are used less commonly:

They have more side-effects.

21

Which (non-drug) treatment is often combined with drug therapy?

CBT (Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy).

22

Valium and Diazepam are examples of which type of drug?

Benzodiazipines.

23

When is Fluoxetine most commonly used?

To aid the sufferers engagement with CBT.

24

Which drugs are used to increase the levels of GABA?

Benzodiazipines.

25

Explain why is can be a good idea to combine drug therapy with other treatments such as CBT:

The drugs reduce the sufferer's emotional symptoms, such as anxiety. This means that the patient can fully engage in the CBT which they may not be able to otherwise.

26

T / F:
Valium is a type of Tricyclic drug.

False, it is a Benzodiazipine.

27

Explain the significance of GABA being an inhibitory neurotransmitter:

The inhibitory nature means that it makes the receiving neurone LESS likely to 'fire' and thus slows-down the brain, reducing anxiety and obsessive thoughts.

28

T / F:
Valium is a type of SSRI drug.

False, it is a Benzodiazipine.

29

Name an example of an SSRI drug:

Fluoxetine.

30

T / F:
Fluoxetine is a type of SSRI drug.

True.