Flashcards in Family and Households- Lecture Deck (30):
What are the 'family' in Nayar culture?
- society organized in kin groups
- strife for kin's purity: sexual involvement with other groups --> one could be put to death
What is two staged marriage in Nayar culture?
- ceremonial marriage of pre-puberty girls
- upon reaching puberty girls began receiving night visitors from their kin
- no man had responsibility over any children, men visited may women this way, but one of them should give a gift to a midwife when a child is born (to prove paternity)
What are the three traditional definitions of marriage? (don't need to know word for word)
1) A group composed of a woman and her dependent children which may or may not include at least one adult male joined through marriage or blood relationship
2) A group of people providing nutrition and socialization for their children (natural or adopted)
3) A married or common-law could with or without children, or a lone parent with dependent children
What are the two basic types of family?
1) Nuclear family
2) Extended family
What is the most important defining feature of the Nayar family?
What is the nuclear family?
organized around conjugal tie (husband-wife relationship)
What is the extended family?
is based on consanguineal (that is blood) relations extending over three or more generations
What is a tool for resolving conflicts in our society?
What are three functions of the family?
1) nurturance of children
2) economic cooperation
3) provide child with models from whom they can learn gender appropriate roles
Does 'household' equal 'family'?
In most societies,___constitute___or___are built around___.
What are household?
basic residential units that implement:
- economic production
- child rearing
Why do families not equal households?
Households as "domestic groups" may consist of several families.
What are five basic residence patterns?
What is the nuclear family and neolocal residence?
married couple establishes independent household
What percent of the world's societies are neolocal?
What residence patterns in the number 1 choice for both North America and the Inuit?
What is composite family?
is an aggregate of nuclear families linked by a common spouse, most often a husband
What residence pattern goes with the composite family?
What does the following constitute? :
- A polygynous household, consisting of one man and several wives and their respective children.
What is patrilocality?
Refers to the custom when woman after marrying a man moves to live in his household
What is the extended (consanguineal) family and patrilocal residence?
- consists of two or more lineally related kinfolk of the same sex and their spouses and offspring
- occupies a single household or homestead, and
- is under the authority of a household head
What ties are most important with extended family and patrilocal residence?
ties of linearity (blood ties between generations) are more important than ties of marriage
Extended family and patrilocal residence exists in what percent of the world's societies?
What is patrilineal extended family organized around?
Man, his sons, and the son's wives and children.
What type of family is common in China and India?
patrilineal extended family
What is a matrilineal family?
Organized around a woman, her daughters, and the daughter's husbands and children
What is a matrilineal family associated with?
What is matrilocal residence?
A man lives in the household of his wife's family