Family and Households- Lecture Flashcards Preview

ANTH 111 > Family and Households- Lecture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Family and Households- Lecture Deck (30):
1

What are the 'family' in Nayar culture?

- society organized in kin groups
- strife for kin's purity: sexual involvement with other groups --> one could be put to death

2

What is two staged marriage in Nayar culture?

- ceremonial marriage of pre-puberty girls
- upon reaching puberty girls began receiving night visitors from their kin
- no man had responsibility over any children, men visited may women this way, but one of them should give a gift to a midwife when a child is born (to prove paternity)

3

What are the three traditional definitions of marriage? (don't need to know word for word)

1) A group composed of a woman and her dependent children which may or may not include at least one adult male joined through marriage or blood relationship
2) A group of people providing nutrition and socialization for their children (natural or adopted)
3) A married or common-law could with or without children, or a lone parent with dependent children

4

What are the two basic types of family?

1) Nuclear family
2) Extended family

5

What is the most important defining feature of the Nayar family?

Bloodline

6

What is the nuclear family?

organized around conjugal tie (husband-wife relationship)

7

What is the extended family?

is based on consanguineal (that is blood) relations extending over three or more generations

8

What is a tool for resolving conflicts in our society?

family

9

What are three functions of the family?

1) nurturance of children
2) economic cooperation
3) provide child with models from whom they can learn gender appropriate roles

10

Does 'household' equal 'family'?

no

11

In most societies,___constitute___or___are built around___.

families
households
household
families

12

What are household?

basic residential units that implement:
- economic production
- inheritance
- shelter
- consumption
- child rearing

13

Why do families not equal households?

Households as "domestic groups" may consist of several families.

14

What are five basic residence patterns?

1. neolocal
2. patrilocal
3. matrilocal
4. ambilocal
5. avunculocal

15

What is the nuclear family and neolocal residence?

married couple establishes independent household

16

What percent of the world's societies are neolocal?

5%

17

What residence patterns in the number 1 choice for both North America and the Inuit?

Neolocal residence

18

What is composite family?

is an aggregate of nuclear families linked by a common spouse, most often a husband

19

What residence pattern goes with the composite family?

patrilocal residence

20

What does the following constitute? :
- A polygynous household, consisting of one man and several wives and their respective children.

composite family

21

What is patrilocality?

Refers to the custom when woman after marrying a man moves to live in his household

22

What is the extended (consanguineal) family and patrilocal residence?

- consists of two or more lineally related kinfolk of the same sex and their spouses and offspring
- occupies a single household or homestead, and
- is under the authority of a household head

23

What ties are most important with extended family and patrilocal residence?

ties of linearity (blood ties between generations) are more important than ties of marriage

24

Extended family and patrilocal residence exists in what percent of the world's societies?

50%

25

What is patrilineal extended family organized around?

Man, his sons, and the son's wives and children.

26

What type of family is common in China and India?

patrilineal extended family

27

What is a matrilineal family?

Organized around a woman, her daughters, and the daughter's husbands and children

28

What is a matrilineal family associated with?

Matrilocal residence

29

What is matrilocal residence?

A man lives in the household of his wife's family

30

What residence is pattern is the Iroquois known for?

Matrilocal residence