Flashcards in Female 1 Deck (255)
Mesonephric-like vulvar cyst:
A. Cuboidal or columnar
B. Smooth muscle.
C. Clear fluid.
Ciliated vulvar cyst:
A. Ciliated and secretory columnar; may be pseudostratified.
B. No smooth muscle.
Periurethral cyst: Lining.
B. Age group.
A. Papillary hidradenoma.
B. Middle age.
Hidradenoma papilliferum: Origins (2).
Apocrine sweat glands.
Ectopic breast tissue.
Hidradenoma papilliferum: Lining.
Luminal layer of columnar or cuboidal cells.
Basal layer of myoepithelial cells.
Herpes viral infection: Histology (4).
"Multinucleation, margination, and molding."
Ground-glass intranuclear inclusions.
Ballooning degeneration of keratinocytes.
Epidermal necrosis and vesiculation.
Molluscum contagiosum: Cause.
A DNA virus.
Vulvar condyloma: Types of HPV.
Vulvar condyloma: Grading.
Mitotic figures and cytologic atypia:
− Confined to the lower third: VIN 1.
− Present in the middle third: VIN 2.
Vulvar condyloma acuminatum: Behavior (2).
Most lesions regress spontaneously.
Some have progressed to high-grade dysplasia or to carcinoma.
Lichen sclerosus: Relation to squamous-cell carcinoma.
LS is not considered a precancerous condition.
SCC arises in up to 5% of cases of LS in postmenopausal women.
Lichen sclerosus: Treatment.
Lichen simplex chronicus vs. squamous-cell hyperplasia.
Squamous-cell hyperplasia is like LSC but without the dermal changes.
Lichen simplex chronicus: Relation to squamous-cell carcinoma.
The vulvo-gingival syndrome.
Lichen planus involving vulva, vagina, and oral mucosa.
Lichen planus: Histology of advanced disease (2).
Cyst of Bartholin's duct: Cause.
Obstruction of the duct.
Cyst of Bartholin's duct:
A. Squamous, transitional, or cuboidal.
B. Secretions but no laminated keratin.
Lower Anogenital Squamous Terminology (LAST) terms for ___.
A. Condyloma acuminatum.
B. Bowenoid papulosis.
Vulvar erythroplasia of Queyrat: Grade.
Squamous-cell carcinoma of the vulva: Epidemiology.
Young women who smoke and have HPV-associated lesion.
Postmenopausal women without evidence of HPV.
Superficially invasive SCC of the vulva: Criteria (2).
Depth of invasion of more than 1 mm (measured from the base of the nearest dermal papilla).
Less than 2 cm in diameter.
Invasive SCC of the vulva: Criterion.
Depth of invasion is than 1 mm.
Invasive SCC of the vulva: Grading.
Grade 1: No undifferentiated cells; keratin pearls.
Grade 2: Less than half of cells are undifferentiated.
Grade 3: More than half of cells are undifferentiated.
Verrucous carcinoma of the vulva: Synonym.
Giant condyloma of Buschke and Löwenstein.
Warty carcinoma of the vulva:
A. Condylomatous carcinoma.
B. Papillary and exophytic.
Warty carcinoma of the vulva: Histology (3).
Irregularly outlined nests of invasive tumor at the base.
Squamous-cell carcinoma of the vulva: Important histologic prognostic factors (4).
Dimensions of tumor
− Depth of invasion.
Invasion of lymphatic spaces.