Female Genital Pathology I Flashcards Preview

REPRO II Exam 1 > Female Genital Pathology I > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Genital Pathology I Deck (52):
1

metrorrhagia

abnormal interval periods - MMR

2

menorrhagia

heavy bleeding

3

infertility

with PID and PCOD

4

mass effects

leiomyoma
ovarian neoplasms

5

red plaques of vulva

dermatitides
extramammary paget

6

ovary embryo

mesoderm germ cells

7

fallopian tube embryo

paired mullerian ducts
-aka paramesonephric

fuse to form fallopian tubes, uterus, upper vagina

8

fusion of mullerian ducts

at urogenital sinus

forms uterus

9

wolffian ducts

aka mesonephric

regress - they are male structure

rests may remain

10

all epithelial surfaces

lined with mesothelial (coelemic) origin

11

gartner duct cyst

remnant of wolffian duct

12

sexual abuse

need trauma and sperm
NOT hymen alone

also - culture for gonorrhea, herpes, etc.

13

ovarian serosa

invaginates into coelomic cavity - becomes covered with this during embryogenesis

14

epithelial inclusion cysts

serosa invaginates into ovary

15

didelphys

two cavities of uterus and double vagina

16

bicornuate

two uterus - failure of fusion of mullerian ducts

17

difficulty urinating

imperforate hymen

fills uterus with blood

18

spontaneous abortions

2nd and 3rd trimesters

occur with congenital anomalies of uterus and vagina

19

positions of uterus

anteverted
retroverted
anteflexed
retroflexed

20

covering of vagina and cervix

squamous mucosa

21

mucosa in endocervical canal

glandular

22

maintains position of uterus

round ligament

23

clue cells

gardnerella vaginalis

24

donovan body

klebsiella granulomatous

granuloma inguinale

25

spirochete

syphilis

trepnema pallidum

26

PID

chlamydia trachomatis

27

koilocyte change

HPV

28

multinucleated giant cell with intracellular inclusion

herpes

tzanck test

29

bulbous intranuclear inclusion body

CMV

30

molluscum bodies

molluscum contagiosum

31

trichomonad

trichomonas vaginalis

32

sulphur granules

actinomyces israelii

also causes PID

33

necrotizing granulomas

mycobacterium tuberculosis

34

candida

candida albicans

35

vaginal cuff

surrounding cervix

36

goal of pap smear

get both squamous AND glandular cells

37

location of herpes infection

vulva, vagina, cervix

38

location of molluscum infection

vulva

39

location of HPV infection

vulva, vagina, cervix

40

location of chlamydia trachomatis

cervix, corpus, adnexa

41

location of neisseria gonorrhea

vulva, vagina, cervix, corpus, adnexa

42

location of candida

vulva, vagina, cervix

43

genital herpes subtype

HHV-2

latency in neurons

44

herpes

DNA virus - PCR test on sample - IgG serology


45

phases of herpes

ulcer - active
latent - inactive

46

pain, dysuria, vesicles that erupt
-lasts 1-3 weeks
-systemic symptoms
-recurrence

herpes infection

vesicles - with neutrophils

47

tx of herpes

suppression and some symptomatic tx.

48

herpes complication

transmission to neonate at birth
this is most significant one

49

tzanck test

herpes
-of vesicle fluid - smear onto glass side

is diagnostic

50

multinuclear giant cell with ground glass intranuclear inclusions

herpesvirus

51

neonatal herpes

50% born to asymptomatic mothers

skin, eyes, mouth - 70% progress
-to CNS or disseminated

CNS - 50% mortality
disseminated - 85% mortality

52

tx for neonatal herpes

C section - if maternal infection present