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Flashcards in first quiz Deck (50):
1

Pathos-Greek means _____Logos-Greek means _____

SufferingStudy

2

______ means the cause of a disease

Etiology

3

_____ means the cause is unknown

Idiopathic

4

Examples of Idiopathic diseases(3)

Ankylosing spondylitisHyperostosis(Fusing of ALL)DISH(Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis) Aka Forestier's disease

5

Acute cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder and is caused by a(n) ____ infection

E. coli(Gram-)

6

Categories of etiology (3)

congenitalgeneticacquired

7

When an individual's genes are responsible for some structural or functional defect it is called _____ etiology

genetic

8

Examples of genetic etiology (3)

Huntingtons chorea/diseaseTrisomy 21Cystic fibrosis

9

Huntington's results in _____, which is a bizarre, dance like motions with the hands. Other symptoms are (3)

chorea• Dementia• Striatal nuclei• Atrophy of the neurons

10

There is a higher chance of development of trisomy 21 if the parents are ______

older

11

When the genetic information is intact, but other factors in the embryo's intrauterine environment interfere with normal development it is classified as _____ etiology

congenital

12

______ effect is an abnormality producing effect. ___ is an agent that causes physical abnormality in developing embryo of fetus.

Teratogenic, teratogen

13

Examples of congenital etiology (4)

• Toxoplasma gondi• Alcohol fetal syndrome• Thalidomide(a medication)• Rubella

14

If pregnant woman is infected with rubella, there is a(n) _____% chance of teratogenic effect happening

100%

15

Examples of acquired etiology (3)

• Herpes Zoster• Bullous emphysema• Folliculitis

16

_____ involves the distention of alveoli and rupture of alveolar walls and also has lung consolidation.

Bullous emphysema

17

Folliculitis is from these bacteria (2) and can result in a brain abscess

staph aureus and strep pyogenes

18

_____ is a subjective finding, _____ is an objective finding

Symptom, sign

19

____ is combination of signs and symptoms associated with a particular disease

syndrome

20

Raynaud's syndrome will have ____ and which will create a _____ color pattern

vasoconstriction of peripheral arteries, white then blue then red

21

Raynaud's syndrome is predominantly a(n) _____ disorder and may be a manifestation of (3)

vaso-constrictionsystem sclerosisimmunohemolytic anemiasmoking

22

Sjogren's syndrome is autoimmune damage to ____ which results in ____ which weakens the body's first line of defense

exocrine glands, drying of mucous membranes

23

_____ is drying of the mouth and is due to inflammation of the ____ gland

Xerostoma, sublingual

24

_____ is drying of the eye and is due to the inflammation of the ____ gland

Xerophthalmia, lacrimal

25

______ is inflammation of the parotid gland and causes hamster like appearance

parotitis

26

_____ disease has a short duration (7-10 days), quick onset, and severe symptoms

Acute

27

_____ disease lasts for more than 6 weeks, could have insidious(hidden) onset

chronic

28

Subacute disease lasts between 10 days to 6 weeks. _____ is an example

Bacterial endocardititis

29

_____ is the mechanism, or pattern, of development of a particular disease

Pathogeneis

30

_____ disease is confined to one region of the body

local

31

Local disease can either be ____ damage or _____ damage

focal, diffuse

32

With _____ damage, the damage is limited to one or more distant sites within a diseased organ

focal

33

With _____ damage, the damage is distributed uniformly within the organ

diffuse

34

When local diseases become systemic (2)

cancer metastasizingTB in lungs(bacteria could spread to other organs)

35

____ is the identification of the patients specific disease

diagnosis

36

_____ is the prediction(theory) of the outcome of the disease

prognosis

37

Ways cell injury occurs (3)

deficiencyintoxicationtrauma

38

____ is the lack of substance necessary for a cell

deficiency

39

______ deficiency is the lack of specific components in food

primary nutrient

40

Examples of primary nutrient deficiency - lack of Vit B₃ _____- lack of Vitamin C _____- Lack of Vitamin B₁(thiamin) _____

Pellagra(inflammation of the skin i.e. casel's necklace dermatitis)scurvyberiberi

41

______ deficiency is the components are in the food, but cannot be absorbed

Secondary nutrient

42

_____ results from the fact that vitamin B₁₂ cannot be absorbed without ____. In this condition the body doesn't produce enough intrinsic factor

Pernicious anemia (malignant anemia), intrinsic factor

43

_____ can result in improper production of enzymes that make cellular metabolism not normal

Genetic defects

44

_____ is poisoning, toxins, or the presence of a substance that interferes with cell function

Intoxication

45

____ is something that interferes with the cell structure

Trauma

46

Toxins can either be _____ toxins, which is produced inside the body, or _____ toxins, which enter the body from the outside

endogenous, exogenous

47

Examples of Exogenous toxins (3)

InfectionChemicalOverdose of medications or artificial vitamins

48

Infection can happen from food contamination with the toxins secreted by bacteria (3)

botulismsalmonellosisbacteriological weapon

49

Chemical exogenous toxins (2)

CCl₄(carbon tetrachloride, bad for hepatocytes)alcohol

50

Endogenous toxins (3)

GeneticIonizing radiationaccumulation of metabolic by productsStar this termYou can study starred terms togetherPlay audio for this term