Fruit Formation/ Plant Modification Flashcards Preview

Principles of Biology II > Fruit Formation/ Plant Modification > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fruit Formation/ Plant Modification Deck (34):
0

This is the thickened ovary which then covers the fruit.

Pericarp

1

These are the layers of the PERICARP.

Exocarp, Mesocarp and Endocarp

OR

Exocarp and Endocarp

2

This category of fruit is characterized by fruit that is formed from the SINGLE OVARY of a SINGLE FLOWER.

Simple Fruit

3

This category of fruit is characterized by fruit that is formed from MANY fused OVARIES of a SINGLE FLOWER.

Aggregate Fruit

4

This category of fruit is characterized by fruit formed from MANY fused OVARIES of a CLUSTER OF FLOWERS.

Multiple fruit

5

This is a subcategory of fruit that SPLITS open.

Dehiscent

6

This is the type of DRY DEHISCENT fruit that SPLITS open along ONE SIDE.

Follicle

7

This is a type of DRY DEHISCENT fruit that SPLITS open along TWO SIDES.

Legume

8

This is a type of DRY DEHISCENT fruit that contains TWO OR MORE CHAMBERS and SPLITS open along MORE THAN TWO SIDES.

Capsule

9

This is a subcategory of fruit that DOES NOT SPLIT open

Indehiscent

10

This DRY INDEHISCENT fruit has a very HARD OVARY WALL.

Nut

11

This is an DRY INDEHISCENT fruit with a WING-LIKE OUTGROWTH.

Samara

12

This is a DRY fruit where the seed is COMPLETELY ATTACHED at only ONE PLACE inside ovary wall.

Achene

13

This is a DRY INDEHISCENT fruit where the seed is completely attached the the ovary wall so that the two CANNOT BE SEPARATED.

Grain

14

This is a FLESHY fruit containing only ONE SEED located inside (PIT).

Drupe

15

This is a FLESHY fruit containing SEVERAL SEEDS, has a FIRM LEATHERY RIND and has NO SECTIONS.

Pepo

16

This is a FLESHY fruit with a LEATHERY RIND and MANY SECTIONS and the RIND IS SEPARABLE.

Hesperidium

17

This is a FLESHY fruit that has an EDIBLE PEEL that is NOT LEATHERY and has a CORE.

Pome

18

This fruit is more or less FLESHY throughout and the SEEDS ARE EDIBLE.

Berry

19

This is a STEM MODIFICATION where HORIZONTAL STEMS grow AT or BELOW soil surface. It can act as a STORAGE ORGAN.

Rhizome

20

This is a RHIZOME that becomes ENLARGED for FOOD STORAGE.

Tuber

21

This is a VERTICAL UNDERGROUND SHOOT, consisting of enlarged bases of LEAVES that STORE FOOD.

Bulb

22

This is a STEM that are BULB-LIKE in appearance but are MOSTLY STEM TISSUE.

Corm

23

These are MODIFIED AERIAL STEMS for CLIMBING.

Tendrils

24

These are CREEPING STEMS that GROW HORIZONTALLY ON the SOIL SURFACE

Runners/Stolons

25

These are OUTGROWTHS OF the WOOD of a twig.

Thorns

26

These are sharp EPIDERMAL OUTGROWTHS of the STEM.

Prickles

27

These are FLATTENED STEMS with a LEAF-LIKE shape.

Cladophylls

28

This is a LEAF MODIFICATION which PROTECT the plant from predators and shade the plant.

Spines

29

This LEAF MODIFICATION functions to TRAP INSECTS as a supplemental source of plant nutrition.

Insectivorous

30

This LEAF MODIFICATION functions like FLOWER PEDALS to ATTRACT POLLINATORS.

Bracts

31

This is the MIDDLE FLESHY layer of the fruit wall.

Mesocarp

32

This is the INNER LAYER of a pericarp

Endocarp

33

This is the OUTERMOST LAYER of the fruit wall.

Exocarp