Flashcards in Fungi Deck (77)
fungi can be either a ...
friend or a foe
What do the absorptive heterotrphs release?
They release enzymes that digest dead or decaying material - suck in nutrients
Most fungi are...
the cell wall of fungi is made of up...
chitin and glucans
are fungi multicellular or unicellular?
most fungi are...
spores both sexually and asexually
most fungi have a f________
filamentous body plan
What are hyphae?
long branched filaments
tangled mass of hyphae = ???
Filmentous structure provides larger ____ ____
In many species, hyphae are divided into cell-like compartments by ....
If there are no septae, the species is considered
How do mycellia get into plants that root can't reach?
because they are super thin
decomposers of dead material
Where do most fungi grow?
what percent of land plants have an association with fungi?
mutualistic association between fungus and plant roots
what are the two types of mycorrhiza
ecto and endo
ecto-mycorrhiza is when the hyphae...
extend into soil and between plant cells
endo-mycorrhiza is when hypae grow...
through cell walls
what is one organism that fungi shares a mutualistic relationship with?
Lichens are pioneer species in...
newly formed habitiats
What do lichens do?
they break down rock to form soil and tolerate extreme climates
LIchens supply ___ for tundra animals
Lichens are known as "air pollution indicators" because..
they are sensitive to toxins in air