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Flashcards in Fx Quiz Deck (17):
1

How can open fx be seen on rads?

gas shadows

2

What is an EHmer sling for?

stops hip dislocating

3

Best tx of a comminuted femoral fx initially?

Analgesia - no dressings will help

4

What is tension band wiring best for?

Avulsion fx

5

What fixatino is best for a comminuted mid femoral fx?

ESF only way of countacting all forces

6

How can ESFs be described?

- uni/bilateral
- uni/multiplanar (uni 20* variation allowed)

7

Where does the ulna lie wrt. radius @ the carpus ?

Lateral

8

What shape is the distal ulnar physis?

Weird V shape

9

Where is the metaphysis?

- just proximal to physis

10

What is metaphyseal osteopathy ? What does it look like?

- Looks like human scurvy
- But isnt so dont give vit C!!
= lysis of metaphysis

11

What is the Ortelani test for?

Hip dysplasia
- capsular hypertrophy, acetabular contents, acetabular depth assessment
- does not tell you anything about femoral neck osteophytes

12

What does plantar ligament damage appear as on radiogrpahs? Tx?

- open angle (abnormal) between intertarsal joints (low motion joints)
- arthrodesis (coaptation not effective)

13

What endocrinopathy can cause boney changes?

- 2* nutritional hyperparathyroidism
- if weaned onto a meat diet too early

14

What is rickets?

Vit D deficiency inthe adult

15

How could a midhumeral crush fx be tx in the adult? In a young animal?

- adult: ESF, intramedullary pin, bone plate, interlocking nail (need good bone density)
- young: nutritional suplementation (orthopedic stuff will just fall out)

16

What are type B synoviocytes and what do they develop into?

- develop into macrophages
- normally present at low numbers in the joints

17

Ideal weight adult labrador?

30kg